AERD COURSE SYNOPSIS

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ARD202: PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICE OF AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION AND RURAL SOCIOLOGY (3 Units)            
Basic concepts and principles of rural sociology and their application to an understanding of rural situations, rural society, patterns of relationships, the family, societal maintenance and inheritance, principles and processes of community development; philosophy, objectives, principles, processes and methods of agricultural extension, extension administration, programme planning and evaluation, concepts and principles of the training and visit (T and V) system of extension.

ARD 301: EXTENSION TEACHING, LEARNING PROCESS AND METHODS  (2 Units)
Definition of learning, general principles of learning, the simple learning process, learning theories and theorists, Thorndike’s laws and principles of learning, teaching elements/components of teaching. Nature and elements of communication process. Principles of analysing communication problems in extension.  The meaning of the concepts of teaching, learning and motivation.  Steps and principles of teaching and learning.  Extension teaching methods.  Preparation and use of teaching materials and aids.


ARD 401:  AGRICULTURAL COMMUNICATION    (3 Units)
Principles and processes of communication as applied to information dissemination in agriculture, barriers to communication, model of communication; agricultural news writing; development communication, media use and audience. Theory and practical application of audio-visual aids in knowledge and skills in the use and maintenance of audio-visuals hard and software.
NOTE: Lecture 2 hours: Practicals 3 hours per week.

ARD 501: GROUP DYNAMICS IN EXTENSION    (3 Units)
What is group dynamics? The distinguishing characteristic of group dynamics; assumptions in group dynamics; importance of group dynamics in agricultural extension, the place of the individual in the group, motivation, blocks to participation in groups and adjustments to blocks and frustrations, group development, phases of group growth; internal dynamics of groups, external dynamics of groups, selection features and use of some group techniques; group evaluation; importance, feature and techniques; some studies in group dynamics, analysis of some groups relevant to agricultural extension.

ARD 502:  RURAL COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT AND SOCIAL CHANGES          (3 Units)
Theories of community development; Community as a unit of social change; Micro and macro approaches to social change elements and processes of change; Dimensions of innovations; Overview of theories of development; Community development and other development approaches; Types of social changes - Planned and Unplanned: social structure and differentiation measurement of change in rural areas; resistant and conductive forces to change in rural areas; social movements and changes in contemporary Nigeria, economic aspects of rural, social change; traditional institutions and their transformation; case studies on community development/social change.

ARD 503: EXTENSION ORGANIZATION, MANAGEMENT AND SUPERVISION       (2 Units)
Theories and models of management and administration:  The planning function and application of planning models to agricultural extension; The organizing function; Agricultural extension organization and their structures and functioning, Managerial leadership styles; Motivation. Coordination; Delegation; Budgeting and Financial Management; marketing; Organization of T and V system of extension.

ARD504:        INTRODUCTION TO TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGES IN AGRICULTURE AND HOME SCIENCE (2 Units)
Understanding technological changes/diffusion of technologies.  Technological change, decision process; Characteristics of technologies, adoption rates and adopter categories; local institution and technological change, change agencies and agents; Research tradition on diffusion, research formulations on diffusion, research formulations on diffusion technologies; Generalizations from diffusion research in Nigeria. 

ARD 505:  PRODUCTION AND USE OF AUDIO-VISUAL AIDS     (2 Units)
Types of audio-visual instructional materials (e.g. transparencies, slides, tapes, video, television, radio, etc). Training and design, development and presentation of audio-visual aids; Principles and techniques of utilization of audio-visual materials.  Uses of audio-visual aids; Principles and teaching; Maintenance of audio-visual equipment and materials.
NOTE: (Lecture - 1 hour, Practical - 6 hours per week).

ARD 506: SOCIAL PROCESSES AND SYSTEMS        (2 Units)
General Sociology theory, analysis of social structure of rural agrarian system and societies. Selected theories of social change and their potential for modernization of rural societies; social change and attitude change; measurement of change in rural societies. Economic aspects of social change group dynamics; traditional institution and their transformation, leadership patterns. Involvement of local people in directed change. Problems of rural societies, their causes and solution.  Special topics in rural sociology.  Selected case studies.

ARD 507: NEWS AND SCRIPT WRITING AND EDITING    (3 Units)
News gathering techniques: Mechanics and techniques of writing agricultural news stories for the media.  Emphasis is on practice in writing newspaper feature stories; and short magazine articles as they relate to agricultural extension. News evaluation and copy editing.
NOTE:  (Lecture - 2 hours; Practical - 3 hours per week).

ARD 508: ADMINISTRATION PROGRAMME PLANNING IN EXTENSION        (2 Units)
Concepts, theories, principles and guidelines of administration, organization, supervision as applied to extension. Administrative function and responsibilities in agricultural extension: staff recruitment, selection placement and supervision; Budget development and fiscal control; importance of programme planning in agricultural extension need, educative objective, learning experience clientele participation, plan of work, and calendar of work: The role of good public relations, good leadership and co-operation for an extension applied to agricultural extension programme.

ARD 509: RADIO AND TELEVISION BROADCASTING       (2 Units)
Introduction to development of radio and television broadcasting, Principles and practice of radio and television broadcasting.  Audience analysis. Types of radio and television programmes, i.e. radio and TV talks, discussion, news, commentaries, youth, adult and family programmes. Special interest programmes, i.e. agricultural features, magazines, documentaries, drama and music.

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