Animal Nutrition Course Synopsis

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Synopses of Departmental courses

ANN 202:  INTRODUCTION TO ANIMAL BIOCHEMISTRY (3 Units)
Chemical composition of plants and animal bodies. Classification, properties and functions of carbohydrates, proteins, fats, minerals and vitamins. The simple chemistry and metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, fats, minerals and vitamins.

Practicals: Testing of carbohydrates, acidic hydrolysis of starch (Polysaccharides). Tests for lipids-saturated and unsaturated. Tests for proteins. Proximate analysis of plant and animal products.

ANN 303:  PRINCIPLES OF ANIMAL NUTRITION (3 Units)
Chemical composition of animal body in relation to their food. Nutrient types: energy, protein, lipids, fibre, minerals, vitamins. Nutrients for body maintenance and production – growth, pregnancy, lactation and egg production. Bioenergetics. Nutrients metabolism. Nutrient deficiency and symptoms. Concepts of nutrient requirements.

Practical: Study of the nutrient deficiency symptoms in livestock.

ANN 502:   FEEDS AND FEEDING (2 Units)
Survey of Nigerian feeds and feeding stuffs. Classification of feeds into roots, tubers, cereals, roughages etc. Chemistry and processing of livestock feed, their storage, quality evaluation. Feeding standard and ration formulation for various classes of livestock. Toxic and anti-nutritional factors in diets. Alternative feedstuff. Feed additives.

Practicals: Examination of ingredients for feed compounding. Chemical and nutritional evaluation of feeds and feeding stuffs.

ANN 503 :  RUMINANT ANIMAL NUTRITION (3 Units)
The nature of ruminant stomach reviewed. Physiology, microbiology and biochemistry of the rumen. Utilization of roughages in ruminant feeding. Use of agro-industrial by-products in ruminant feeding. The importance and methods of protein by-pass in ruminant feeding. Non-protein nitrogen utilization, nutrient partition, nutritional disorders.

Practicals: Methods of protecting protein. Ration mixing. Examination of a typical ruminant’s stomach and compartments. Balance trials. Nutritional disorder. Agro-industrial by-products used in ruminant animal feeding and their processing methods.

ANN 508 :  NON-RUMINANT ANIMAL NUTRITION (3 Units)
Principles of poultry nutrition. Nutrient requirements for various classes and species of poultry. Pig nutrition and the feeding of various classes of pigs. Rabbit nutrition and the feeding of rabbits. Nutritional/metabolic disorders in non-ruminants.

ANN 509:   INSTRUMENTATION AND FEED ANALYSIS (2 Units)
Basic principles governing common laboratory equipment, principles governing basic analytical procedures.

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