COURSE SYNOPSIS OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

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MCE 201:  ENGINEERING MECHANICS I            (2 Units)
Independence, dimensions and coordinates in space.  Vectors and vector algebra.  Forces, couples and their systems: composition, resolution, Varigon’s theorem, equivalence and reduction of systems, wrench, rigid bodies, and equilibrium.  Centers of gravity, centroids and their applications.  Structures and machines.  Friction, moments of Inertia, virtual work.

MCE 202:  ENGINEERING MECHANICS II            (2 Units)
Kinematics and kinetics of particles.  Work, energy, power, momentum and impulse.  Kinematics and kinetics of rigid body in plane motion.  Analysis of elementary dynamic systems – dynamic systems elements: mechanical, electrical, fluid and thermal.  Newton’s laws of motion.  D’Alembert’s principles and Legrange equations.  Paricle dynamic in non-inertia frame of reference.

MCE 203:  ENGINEERING MATERIALS            (3 Units)
Atomic and crystal structure.  Metallic states.  Defect in crystals, conductors, semi-conductors insulators and super-conductors.  The relationship between structure and properties.  Alloy theory-application to industrial alloys – steel in particular.  Simple phase diagram of alloys.

Engineering properties – the control, hot and cold working, heat treatment, etc.  Creep, fatigue and fracture.  Corrosion and corrosion control.  Non-metallic materials – glass, rubber, concrete, plastics, wood and ceramics.  Elastic and plastic deformations.  Materials for cryogenic, corrosive media and nuclear applications.

MCE 204:  ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS        (3 Units)
Definition of terms and general concept of systems, surrounding, process, temperature, heat work and energy.  First law of thermodynamics and application to open systems.  Second law of thermodynamics and application to heat engines.  Entropy.

First and second laws combined.  Perfect gases.  Joule-Thompson coefficient.  Equilibrium processes.  Maxwell’s relations.  Two phase system.  Thermodynamic functions of solution.  P.V.T. relationship.  Work from heat energy.  Refrigeration.

MCE 205:  FLUID MECHANICS I                (2 Units)
Elements of fluid statics, density, pressure, surface tension, viscosity, compressibility etc.  Hydrostatic forces on submerged surfaces due to incompressible fluid.  Static forces on surface stability of floating bodies.  Introduction to fluid.   Dynamic – conservation laws.  Introduction to viscous flows.  Fluid friction, friction factor and its relation to pipe losses; pipes in parallels and series.  Fluid flow measurements, venture meter.

MCE 300:    STUDENTS INDUSTRIAL WORK EXPERIENCE SCHEME I
(SIWES)                 (4 Units)
Students would be attached to Mechanical Engineering based industries for the  long vacation period.  They would be expected to receive practical training in any Mechanical Engineering activities in industries such as Mechanized Farms, Food and Beverage, Manufacturing, Power Generation, Construction, Automotive, Steel, Petroleum, Air-conditioning and Refrigeration.

MCE 301:    MACHINE DRAWING             (I Units)
Intersection of solids, simple and complex assembly drawings – orthographic and sectional views.  Isometric drawings of assemblies – universal couplings, clutches, bearings and seals.  Exploded drawings of assemblies – pumps, valves, internal combustion engines and parts.  Interchangeability of machine parts.  Installation drawings erection diagrams.  Computer-aided drawings for design and manufacture.  Drawing project.

MCE 302:  DESIGN OF MACHINE ELEMENTS             (3 Units)
Philosophy of design.  Design as problem solving.  Components of design, creative design, detail design (quantitative and qualitative).  Design against failure (fatigue, creep, etc).  Engineering materials and selection.  Design and analysis of individual machine components; shafts, gears, chains, linkages, bearings, keys, keyways, belts, clutches, etc.  Component assemblies and machine systems.

MCE 303:  MECHANICS OF MACHINES I            (3 Units)
Elementary study of machine kinematics and dynamics.  Velocity and acceleration, diagrams of link mechanisms.  Flywheels.  Balancing of reciprocating and rotating masses.  Gears and gear trains.  Governors.  Cams and followers.  Gyroscopes.

MCE 304:  MECHANICS OF MACHINES II            (3 Units)
Vibration of machinery; free and forced vibration, damping, natural freqeuncies and critical speeds.  Transverse vibration of beams, whirling of shafts, torsional vibrations.  Friction in machines (e.g. bearing, clutches etc).
MCE 305:  FLUID MECHANICS II                (3 Units)
Introduction, nature and type of fluid.  The fluid is a continuum.  Physical properties.  Scope of fluid mechanics.  Units and constraints.  Fluid statics.  Equilibrium of fluid at rest.  Thrust on plane surfaces.  Buoyancy and thrusts on curved surfaces.  Integral analysis; control volume and mass conservation, continuity equation in one-dimensional flow; incompressible flow.  Basic principles, pressure at a point in a moving fluid.  Bernoullis Theorem.  Elementary consideration of viscous fluid.  Dimensional Analysis: the Pi-theorem.  Typical non-dimensional parameters.  Dynamic similarity and models.  Flow in pipes; entry conditions.  The boundary layer concept, Laminar and turbulent flow, transition, pressure losses in bends, sudden chance of section, pipe fittings and valves.  Diffucers, nozzles, branched pipes and flow distribution systems.  Flow measurements.

MCE 306:  FLUID MECHANICS III                (2 Units)
Kinematics of fluid: Euleriam and Lagrangian descriptions.  The stream function.  Sources, sinks and doublets.  Streamline bodies including aerofoils and hydrofoils.  Circulation, vorticity and vertices.  Irrotational flow and velocity potential.  Laminar internal flows, flow through straight channels and covette flow.  Very slow motion and lubrication.  Turbullent internal flow.  Non-circular pipe flow.  Piping desiagn.  Elements of compressible flow.

MCE 307:  APPLIED THERMODYNAMICS I             (3 Units)
Ideal air cycles.  Introduction to internal combustion engines; Reciprocating air compressors and other positive displacement compressors.  Gas and vapour power cycles; refrigeration cycles; vapour compression units; principles of absorption and adsorption refrigeration, including solar cooling cycles.

MCE 308:  APPLIED THERMODYNAMICS II             (3 Units)
Gaseous mixtures, combustion, availability, power and refrigeration cycles; Internal combustion engines, compressors.  Other methods of energy conversion, e.g. fuel cells, thermo-electric generators, magnetohydrodynamics, introduction to plasma state, later beams.

MCE 309:  STRENGTH OF MATERIALS II            (3 Units)
Consideration of equilibrium, composite members, stress-strain relation.  Generalized Hooke’s law.  Stress and strain transformation equations and Morh’s circle.  Shear force and bending stresses in beams.  Deflection of beams.  Erosion of circular members.

Deflection of beams, revision of methods of solution; shear stress distribution and deflection due to shear centre.  Unsymmetrical bending.  Strain energy methods; application to thin members and indeterminate structures.  Helical and leaf springs.  Plastic bending of beams, buckling.  Thick cylinders; compound cylinders. Rotating disks.

MCE 310:  MECHANICAL MEASUREMENTS & INSTRUMENTATION    (3 Units)
Basic principles of measurements of mass, linear and angular displacements, velocity, acceleration, force, torque, power, flows, pressure, temperature, strain and stress.  Instrument selection, errors and calibration.  Elements of instrument systems.  Dynamic performance.  Primary censors.  Signal processing.  Analog and digital recording

MCE 311:  MATERIALS SCIENCE FOR ENGINEERS        (3 Units)
Types of Engineering materials; physical properties of materials.  Electrical properties of materials.  Mechanical properties of materials; Thermal properties of materials; chemical properties of materials.  Stability of materials in the service environment; Basic metallurgy; Non-metallic materials.  Simple stress and strain: Bending and Torsion; Torsion, Deflection of beams: Complex stress and strain.

MCE 312:  WORKSHOP PRACTICE II                (1 Unit)
Continued development of machine shop and tool room practice, as well as continued development of sheet metal and wood working practice.
MCE 313:  MANUFACTURING SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY    (2 Units)
Basic manufacturing industries and processes including casting. Forging, assembling, inspection/testing and certification; packaging, warehousing and forwarding.  Metal working operations; shaping, planning, milling, drilling, turning, reaming, broaching, abrasive machining, chiplers machine processes. Metal cutting tools and cutting fluids; cutting forces and power requirement for cutting.  Threads, gears, selection of materials; processing methods and equipment for manufacturing.  Fabrication methods including welding, soldering, brazing adhesive bonding and mechanical fastening.  Heat treatment.  Tools for wood-working.  Quality control in manufacturing.

MCE 401:  FLUID MECHANICS IV                (3 Units)
Laminar boundary layers.  The-stoked equations and their approximation.  Very slow motion and lubrication.  Flat plate flow.  Integral analysis.  Similar solution.  Approximate methods of solutions.  Pressure gradient effects and separation.  Transition: stability of laminar boundary layers to disturbances.  Onset and development of turbulence.  Turbulent boundary layers; means flow and fluctuations.  Reynolds stresses, eddy viscosity and mixing length.  The log-law.  Smooth flat-plate flow and drag laws.  Simple calculation methods.  Free shear layers: laminar and turbulent mixing layers, jets and wakes.  Compressible flow, mach number and mach waves.  Stock waves and heat transfer, isotropic flow through ducts of varying area.  Convergent divergent duct flow with normal stocks.  Flow though constraint area ducts with and without friction.  Unsteady gas dynamics and the method of characteristics.  Blast waves and detonation.

MCE 403:  HEAT TRANSFER                 (3 Units)
Theory of steady state heat conduction, convection and radiation.  Dimensional analysis and similitude in heat transfer theory.  Analogy between and momentum transfer, boundary layer flows relations use in convection heat transfer calculations.  Materials and design of heat exchanges.  Introduction to mass transfer, analogy between heat and mass transfer.
MCE 405:  MACHINE DESIGN I                 (3 Units)
Philosophy of design.  Design as problem solving.  Components of design.  Creative design.  Detail design (quantitative  and qualitative).  Stress and deflection analysis.  Design against failure.  Engineering materials.  Power screws.  Detachable fastners.  Shafting design.  Design project.    

MCE 407:  REFRIGERATION AND AIR-CONDITIONING I    (3 Units)
Fundamentals of vapour compression refrigeration.  Analysis of refrigeration cycles.  Heat pumps.  Refrigerants and their properties.  Absorption        refrigeration.  Principles of air-conditioning with emphasis on thermodynamic processes involving air-water-vapour mixture.  

Production  of atmospheric and thermal-environments for human activity.  Principles of cooling, freezing and storing perishable products.         

MCE 409:  INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES         (2 Units)
Analysis, design and performance of spark-ignition and compression-ignition piston engines.  Fuel injection, carburetion and combustion.  Multistage piston engine dynamics, mass balancing and vibration control. Combustion in and performance of internal combustion engines.  Basic types and performance.  Governors and control systems.  Engine testing.

MCE 501 PRODUCTION   ENGINEERING I            (3 Units)  
Introduction:  The role of production engineering in the mechanical engineering profession.    Mechanics and kinematics of machine tools.  Tool geometry and chip formation.  Mechanics of cutting with single-point tools.  Merchant’s analysis.  Other theories.  Economics of cutting.  Variables affecting metal removal rate, economic cutting speeds, cutting tool materials, cutting fluids.  Principles of metal cutting with multi-point  tools: milling, grinding, drilling, boring, etc.  Time and cost estimates.                                                                                                                                                                                                         

MCE 502:  PRODUCTION ENGINEERING II             (2 Units)
Specification and standardization:  Interchangeable manufacture, preferred sizes, limits and fits.  Fundamentals of measurement: length, standards, sources of error, angular measurements, comparators, autocollimator, indirect measurements, straightness and flatness testing.  Surface finish.  Fundamentals of gauge design.  Screws threads , specification, tolerancing, gauging and measurements.  Statistical methods  of process control.  Principles of planning and tools design.  Industrial health and safety.  Ergonomics.  Elements of cleaner production and applications in Mechanical Engineering.

MCE 503:  REFRIGERATION AND AIR-CONDITIONING II    (2 Units)
Elements and design of refrigeration systems.  Steady state and transient cooling loads calculations.  Ventilation and air distribution systems calculations.  Design, control and layouts of ventilation and air-conditioning systems.  Noise reduction.  Principles of application of automatic control elements.  Principles of design of cold stores.

MCE 504:  AUTOMOBILE ENGINEERING             (3 Units)
Mechanics of vehicles.  Vehicle components and design.  Traction engine and transmission data.  Fuel system, clutches; gear boxes – manual and automatic.  Transmissions, steering systems.  Brakes, Tyres.  Air conditioning.  Electrical system.  Exhaust system.  Ignition system.  Body and chassis.

MCE 505:  TRIBOLOGY                     (3 Units)
Theories of friction between metallic, non-metallic, dry and lubricated surfaces.  Testing and properties of materials, solid and liquid lubricants.  Theory of self-acting and pressurized bearing, including Reynolds equation and solutions.  Dynamic loading, temperature and pressure effects on viscosity.  Elastohydrodynamic lubrication, gears and rolling contact bearings.  Design of journal and thrust bearings.

MCE 506:  FLUID MACHINERY                 (3 Units)
Types of fluid machines, classifications.  Positive displacement machines:  Reciprocating and rotary pumps.  Compressors.  Hydraulic motors.  Rotodynamic machines: Basic theory, performance.  Axial-flow, centrifugal and mixed-flow pumps, fans, compressors and turbines, selection of appropriate fluid machines.

MCE 507:  MACHINE DESIGN II                (3 Units)
Belts, Bolt loading, Brakes, Clutches and couplings, Gears and Gear drives, springs, Ropes, Chain drives.  Hoist.  Welding design.  Surface finch.  Friction and wear.  Bearings and lubrication.  Pressure cylinders.  Vibration consideration in designs.  Design project.

MCE 508:  POWER GENERATING PLANTS            (3 Units)
Design performance and selection of prime movers for small power generating plants.  Diesel and gas turbine plants.  Thermal and hydroelectric power stations, their types, mechanical systems and installations, performance, operation and maintenance.  Fundamental of electrical generators, performance and energy distribution systems.

MCE 509:  MECHANICAL MAINTENANCE            (2 Units)
Machine inspection, rate of wear and replacement time prediction.  Basic technologies and equipment for repairs of internal combustion engines, pumps and small output power generating plants, machine tools, vehicles, earth-moving equipment and lifting devices.  Special techniques in machine repairs.  Planning and organization of service and maintenance shops. Planning of the spares stock and related problems.

MCE 510:  INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING             (3 Units)
Introduction, system engineering applied to the design of industrial business systems and organization.  Industrial organization.  Operation subsystem design, production planning and control, purchasing.  Motion and time study.  Factory planning and materials handling.  Industrial standardization.  Tool and manufacturing engineering.  Industrial statistics.  Inspection and quality control.  The attitudes of organized labour towards industrial engineering methods.

MCE 511:  COMPUTER-AIDED DESIGN AND MANUFACTURE    (3 Units)
Mechanics of movement of living creatures.  Mechanics  of motion.  Elements of robotics.  Sensors and actuators.  Introduction to elements of CAD/CAM systems.  Principal types of CAD/CAM.  The software.  Standardization.  Identifying a company’s need for CAD/CAM.  Installation and operation of CAD/CAM systems.  Role of computers in production and control

MCE 512:  MECHANICAL EQUIPMENT FOR BUILDING AND STRUCTURES
(3 Units)
Mechanical units and systems in residential and industrial buildings such as pumps, tanks, fans, heat exchangers, cooling towers.  Water supply, sanitation and gas systems.  Lifts and their installation and operation.  Boilers and steam supply systems.  Codes and safety requirements.  Control systems.  Materials and specifications.

MCE 513:  APPLICATION OF TRIBOLOGY            (3 Units)
Manufacturing processes: metal machining, friction in metal cutting, heat generation, tool wear, lubricants.  Automotive systems: pneumatic tyre performance, breaking and clutching mechanisms, engine friction.

Transportation and locomotive-surface texture in roads and runways rail-wheel adhesion, land locomotion.  Bearing design-slider bearing, journal bearings, foil bearings, rolling contact bearings.  Other applications – flexible seals, layered damping in beams, friction damping, lubrication of human and animal joints.

MCE 514:  FRACTURE OF STRUCTURAL MATERIALS        (3 Units)
Conventional design concepts in relation to fractures; the mechanics of fracture.  Designing and testing for fracture resistance.  Microscopic aspects of fracture.  Fracture of specific materials.  Fatigue.  Failure analysis and failure prediction methods.

MCE 515:  CORROSION AND WEAR ENGINEERING        (3 Units)
Basic theories and concepts of corrosion and oxidation.  Types of corrosion: electrochemical, mechanical, microbial.  The effect of environmental factors on corrosion.  Oxidation temperature, pressure, nature of service medium.  Corrosion damage: surface pitting and micro structural damage.  Corrosion fatigue, stress corrosion cracking.  Corrosion prevention: prevention through design, selection of materials and conditioning of the service environment, protection by surface treatment, surface coating and mechanical  cladding.  Corrosion measurement and monitoring.

MCE 516:  ENERGY TECHNOLOGY                (3 Units)
Energy and society.  Sources of energy.  Energy demand, supply and forecasting.  Conventional and unconventional (renewable) energy.  Energy conversion systems and devices for oil, gas, coal, heat, wood, solar, wind, biomass, tidal geothermal, etc.
Renewable energy from the global environmental perspectives; global warming potential of fossil fuels.  New energy sources such as hydrogen.  Energy conservation.

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