AQFM COURSE SYNOPSIS

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FWM 201: INTRODUCTION TO FOREST AND WILDLIFE RESOURCES                   MANAGEMENT (2 UNITS)
Renewable natural resources, availability, distribution and Potential.  The important forest trees and wildlife (with emphasis on Nigerian species).  Classification, morphology, distribution and ecology of important forest and game reserves in Nigeria, silviculture; afforestation characteristics of major timber and their uses.  Felling and log transportation.  Importance of forestry in national economy.  Organisation of forest resources, non-timber resources.  Forest protection and conservation, regulation of harvest and sustained yield.

FWM 203: PRINCIPLES OF CONSERVATION IN TROPICAL AFRICA (2 UNITS)
The need for conservation.  Aims and objectives of conservation, target species, courses of migration and emigration in fish and wildlife species.  Conservation methods and techniques for critical ecosystems such as watersheds, hilly areas, grazing lands, lope pit mining areas, areas of broken topography and marginal environment preservation of endangered plants and animals.

FIS 201: INTRODUCTION TO FISHERIES MANAGEMENT (2 UNITS)

The important fishes of West Africa with emphasis on Nigeria species.  Classification, evolution, morphology and basic structure of fishes.  The adaptation of fish to aquatic life.  Life cycle of principal species of fishes.    Significance of fishes in the life of Nigerians.  The fish industries in Nigeria.  Fundamental principles of fish management and production.

FWM 204:PRINCIPLES OF RANGE ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT (2 UNITS)
Principal range types in West Africa, application of ecological principles in the management of grazing lands.  Objectives of range management, grazing systems, manipulation of animal numbers for desired management objectives.

FIS 301: ICHTHYOLOGY: SYSTEMATICS OF FISH (3 UNITS)
Principles of systematics.   Taxonomy and detailed study of principal commercial species of Nigeria fresh, inland, estuarian and ocean water, invertebrates and reptiles.  Identification of species using keys and monographs.  Important world species e.g sardine, tuna, anchorvies etc.  Biological attributes of fish populations.  Phylogenetic relationships.

FIS 303: LIMNOLOGY (3 UNITS)
Physical and chemical properties of inland water. Properties of natural and-made lakes.  Thermal  properties and stratification. Hdrology and water cycle.

FIS 305: FISH ECOLOGY (3 UNITS)
Ecology of fishes with special reference to distribution and natural history and application of this knowledge for fisheries management and obtaining maximum returns from fishery resources.  Characteristics of the equation environment.  Organic production in aquatic fauna and flora-algal blooms and eutrophication, plankton, and benthos, biomass assessment.  Food and feeding habit of fish food and habitat selection, population, niche concept.  Food chains, reproductive behaviour of life cycles of some selected species.

FIS 307: AQUACULTURE (4 UNITS)
Aims and types of aquaculture.  History, present organization and status of aquaculture in Nigeria .  Principle of aquaculture, liming and pond fertilization; food supply; selection of culture species, introduction of exotic species and their implications.  Water requirements.   Stocking, feeding and harvesting practices.   Fish farm design.  Economic consideration of aquaculture.

FIS 309: AQUATIC FLORA AND FAUNA ( 2 UNITS)
Study and identification of the characteristics flora and fauna of importance  in the fresh water, and coastal swamps of the tropics.  The ecology, utilisation and management of aquatic flora and fauna.  Control of aquatic weeds in ponds – chemical, mechanical and biological.

FIS 311: FISH FARMING TECHNIQUES AND HATCHERY MANAGEMENT (3 UNITS)
Artisanal and commercial fishing methods and different types of fish culture techniques, monoculture, polyculture, selected breeding, intensive and extensive culture inland land brackish water, in rice field, in floating cages and rafts.  Spawning methods; artificial fertilization, incubation, rearing, harvesting and transportation of fry and fingerlings.  Selection and care of breeders; larve and fingerlings.  Control of weed parasites and diseases in the hatchery, control of physicochemical properties of water.

FIS 313: ANALYTICAL TECHNNIQUES IN FISHERIES (3 UNITS)
Laboratory training in the methods and techniques of proximate analysis.  Haematological assessment of fish blood.  Age determination, food conversion efficiency.

FIS 302: FISH NUTRITION (2 UNITS)
Principles of fish nutrition.  Chemistry and nutritive value of various classes of fish feeds.  Nutrient requirements of fish.  Nutrient sources and practices consideration in fish feeding.  Feed formulation for fish and utilization.  General methods of feeding fish.  

FIS 304: FISH GEAR DESIGN AND PRODUCTION (3 UNITS)
Study of types of fishing gears and fishing crafts.  Classification of fishing gears and crafts gear selectivity.  Properties of the materials used in the construction of fish gears.  The design and construction of different types of gears and graft.  Assessment of fishing gear efficiency.


FIS 306: FISH DISEASE MANAGEMENT (3 UNITS)
Identification, morphology, classification, taxonomy and history of fish parasites.  The ecological and pathological effects of parasites and diseases of fish.  International restriction binding the transportation of fish across country boundaries.  Fish ponds and public health.

FIS 308: OCEANOGRAPHY, ELEMENTARY SEAMANSHIP AND   NAVIGATION (4 UNITS)
Study of the temperature and chemistry of sea water.  Biological activities and their distribution.  Salinity/ chlorinity, currents, tides, waves, sound and radiation in sea, conductivity, diffusion, viscosity and dynamics of sea water distribution and behaviour of plankton.  Brackish water condition and fauna.  Interrelationship of and physiological adaptations of marine organisms Important sea terminology, parts of a boat, trawlers, strength of wind and state of sea.  Coast lights and light vessels,  Measures for distance, depth, speed etc.  Launching and boarding of small boats.  Life saving and fire fighting equipment and methods. Swimming.

FISH 310: POND CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING ( 3 UNITS)
General surveying visual survey (reconnaissance) – (Purpose, location, water parameters, geology, meteorology), surveying (levelling) or topographic survey – Leveling  instrument and its maintenance.  Booking  (record keeping). site selection.  Types of ponds, principles of fish pond design and construction .Construction of ponds (concrete and earthen), hatcheries.  Design and construction of monk, spill ways, over flow channels or pipes, pens, cages, rages, etc.  Design and construction of kilns, drying chambers, machines.. Liming, stocking and fertilization.  Management of pond flora and water quality.  Maintenance of ponds and harvesting from ponds.

FIS :312:  ADAPTATION AND PHYSIOLOGY(2 UNITS)
The different shapes and adaptive designs in fish in relation to the aquatic environment.  Natural environmental adaptation of fish migration, reproduction, feeding habits, salinity, temperature and life cycles.  Modified environmental behaviour of fish to pressure, light, electrical field and noise.  Biology including membranes  mitochondria systems and intermembrane  processes.  Biochemistry of growth, maintenance and reproduction.

FIS 314: MARINE AND BRACKISH WATER ECONOMIC RESOURCES (2 UNITS)
Study of major marine and brackish water fin and shell fish species in relation to their development for culture, food and industrial uses.  Methods of harvesting e.g. electro-fishing.

FIS 316: FISHERIES STOCK ASSESSMENT (2 UNITS)
Methods of stock management in fisheries.  Capture- Recapture techniques, tagging and marking.  Age group and year class determination.  Catch per unit effort method.  Practical evaluation of fisheries resources of selected project areas.  Echo method in stock assessment.

FIS 401: FISH PROCESSING, PRESERVATION AND MARKETING (3 UNITS)
The biodegradation and biodeterioration of fin and shell fish, spoilage indices.  Organoleptic assessment of quality of fish, principles and methods of preservation, storage and processing, packaging, product evaluation and quality control, estimation of nutrients in fish flesh..  Product development, evaluation and quality control.  Traditional versus modern, preservation and processing techniques.  Nigerian fish marketing structures.

FIS 403: FISH PRODUCTION AND MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES (3 UNITS)

Practical aspects of fish breeding techniques in cross breeding for stock improvement.  Induced breeding, hypophysation techniques.  Use of HCG, fish pituitary and others hormones in induced breeding.  Appraisal of management structure and effectiveness of fisheries management policies.  

FIS 405:FISH BIOLOGY (2 UNITS)
The gross external and internal anatomy of a typical bony and a typical cartilaginous fish.  The different types of anatomical systems and basic functions of each systems of organs of fish.  Embryology and life history of a fish with special reference to commercially important fish e.g. tilapia, catfish and mullet.

FIS 407: REPORT WRITING (3 UNITS)

Types of Reports (feasibility reports, market survey, diagnostic surveys etc.)  Proposals objectives, justification of projects.  Methodology – materials and methods, data collection, personnel, finance, materials etc.  Analysis of data.  Preparation of report and recommendations

FIS 404: ADVANCES IN AQUACULTURE

Ageneral survey of the aquatic animals with emphasis on commercially important species. specialied/advanced techniquics in aquaculture: freshwatern, brackishwater and marine fish culture systems. Economic consideration in aquaculture operations. Stocking of open waters and habitat improvement.

FIS406: AQUACULTURE ENGINEERINGAND SURVEYING (4 UNITS)
General surveying, site selection; fresh water and brackish water pond construction.    Design and construction of dykes, sluice gates, drainage facilities, tanks, ponds, pens, cages, rafts and other types of fish rearing facilities, design of inland  fish farms, pumping station and fish hatcheries.  Design and maintenance of machines.

FIS 408: FISH GENETICS AND BREEDING (4 UNITS)
Character inheritance in cultured fish; changes in gene and chromosomes; some inherited characters in fish. Alleles (simple and complex),sex determination, sex ratios intersexes ,sex linked inheritance, sex influenced and sex limited traits; lethal genes; sex-linked lethal , inherited defects and gene interactions  

FIS 501: FISH PRODUCTION AND MANAGEMENT (3 UNITS)
Fishing efforts and catch per unit effort.  Population estimation, age and growth; natality, mortality.  Recruitment and computation of yield from given recruitment.  Stock assessment.  Appraisal of management structure and effectiveness of fisheries management policies.   Preparation of  management plan in fisheries projects.

FIS 503: PRODUCTION OF OTHER MARINE PRODUCTS (2 UNITS)
Ecology, life histories of crustaceans and aquatic molluscs, culture of shrimps, oysters, crabs, crayfish, lobster, cockles, periwinkles, marine gastropods, frogs, edible sea weeds and free water plants.  Deep sea and shore farming of some products.  Processing and preservation of marine products.

FIS 505:  ORNAMENTAL FISHERIES AND AQUARIA DESIGN (2 UNITS)
Ornamental fish, breeding, management and nutrition, design and maintenance of various aquaria.  Accessories, aquaria plants.

FIS 507:  ADMINISTRATIVE AND PROGRAMME PLANNING IN EXTENSION (2 UNITS)

Concepts, theories, principles and guidelines of administration, organization, supervision as applied to extension, importance of programme planning in extension principles and concepts of programme planning in agricultural extension need, educative objective, learning experience, clientele participation, plan of work.  The role of good public relations, good leadership and cooperation for an extension worker.  Associations and cooperatives; concepts of evaluation applied to agricultural extension programmes.

FIS 597: SEMINAR (2 UNITS)
Each student will be required to give a seminar in the final year and participate in all departmental seminars.  Typed and bound copies of seminar to be submitted for grading to the department.

FIS 502: FISH BREEDING AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY (3UNITS)
Maintenance of hatcheries and nursery ponds, constant supply of quality water , Quarantine, segregation and matching of breeders.  Spawning techniques:induced breeding, artificial  and  natural sex-reversal, hybridization. Genetic polymorphisms, Genetic preservation and conservation.

FIS 504:  ADVANCED FISH NUTRITION (2 UNITS)
Advanced principles of fish nutrition; requirements for energy, protein, vitamins and minerals and non nutrients components; feed computation and formulation methods; Various fish products development, their economic value and implication. The fish feed industry; feed types, fish food habits; feed pelleting, feed evaluation, practical considerations in fish feed.  Feed formulation, mixing and manufacture of feed on commercial scale.

FIS 506:  FISHERIES MICROBIOLOGY AND PATHOLOGY (2 UNITS)
Morphological and biochemical methods of identification of fish parasites, bacteria and viruses.  Sensitivity test control and therapy.

FIS 508: FISHERIES BUSINESS MANAGEMENT AND ECONOMICS (3 UNITS)
Fish farm planning and organization and managing fish farms under commercial and peasant system.  The scope of fishery business and management, types of business managements, types of credit extended to fish farming: sources of credits and loans; marketing arrangement; fish farm record and accounting; financial management. Major economic constraints in fisheries development; free access fishery, sustainable yield curve and total revenue curve; bionomic equilibrium, factor rents, welfare economic theory and its relevance for fisheries; externalities in fisheries; capital investments and consumption patterns, fisheries resources and right of ownership.

FIS 510 FISHERIES POLICY AND LEGISLATION (2 UNITS)

Fisheries Institutions Conservation Strategies .Fisheries policy and law of Nigeria.  International laws of the sea.    

FIS 599: PROJECT (4 UNITS)
Each student is required to choose and execute a special project under a supervisor.  Duration of the project is a minimum of two semesters.   Typed and bound project reports to be submitted at the end of project.

 

 

POSTGRADUATE DIPLOMA IN AQUACULTURE AND FISHERIES MANAGEMENT

OBJECTIVES
The course is meant to provide level and senior managers an opportunity to acquire a postgraduate education in Aquaculture and Fisheries Management.  it is also designed for Managers of large scale, fisheries staff in ministry, ADPs and extension officers, agricultural officers production and fisheries project appraisal.

ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS
Candidates for the postgraduate Diploma must have a Bachelor Degree or HND in Fisheries or related fields from the University of Agriculture, Abeokuta or nay other institution recognized by the University Senate.  Nomination of qualified candidates by the Local Governments.  States, Federal Ministry of  Private Fisheries establishments and agric-based financial institution may be honoured.

DURATION AND MODE OF STUDY
The programme shall be for twelve (12) calendar months.  It runs on sandwich basis and candidates would attend lectures during weekends and also go on field trips.  The course would cover a minimum of thirty-four (34) units.

STRUCTURE

The programme consists of the following

COURSE WORK
Core Courses        -    26 Units
Elective               -      2 Units
Seminar (Library)   -      2 Units
Project                -      4 Units

 

 

Courses/Units Course Title
PDF 700              Research Methods/Techniques
PDF 701              Computer in Fisheries Resources Management
PDF 702              Fish Nutrition
PDF 703              Pollution Effects on Fisheries Production
PDF 704              Fish Disease and care of fishes
PDF 705              Fisheries Biology and Assessment
PDF 706              Fish Culture and Management
PDF 707              Ornamental Fisheries and Aquaria Design
PDF 708              Post Harvest Technology and Fisheries Marketing
PDF 710              Fisheries Extension and Cooperatives
PDF 711              Fishery Statistics
PDF 712              Aquaculture engineering
PDF 713              Library Seminar
PDF 714              Project




ELECTIVES
PDF 709     Advances in Aquaculture                       2
PDF 715     Coastal Water Economic Resources         2
Total 4


PDF 700 Research Method/Techniques (3 Units)
Survey design and Basic scientific principled of fisheries research, control concept and by hypothesis formation and testing.  Organisation of research construction observation and observation and oral interview.  Data processing including coding verification, analysis of data and organization of report writing.  Sampling;  Role of sampling in data collection.  Probability sampling random sampling and its properties simple stratified multistage.  Systematic sampling cluster etc.  Sampling and sampling errors and biases in Africa Measures of sampling errors.

PDF 701: Computer in Fisheries Resources Management ( 3 Units)
Types, uses and components of computer.  Introduction to computer operating systems, Word processing package importance of computer in resource management.  Common library programmes for analysis of resource data.

PDF 702 Fish Nutrition (2 Units)
Principles of fish nutrition:  Nutrient requirements of fish, Factors affecting nutrient requirements:  Chemistry and nutritive of materials used in feeds.  Feeds formulation methods.  The fish feed industry Practical consideration in fish feed production, Fish feed manufacture on commercial scale.

PDF 703:  Pollution Effects on Fisheries Production (2 Units)

Physiological and biochemistry effects of industrial, urban and agricultural chemicals on aquatic biota.  Specific metabolic effects of various poisonous and inhibitor substances.  Modes of pollution of enzyme system of aquatic organisms.  Physiological effects of water pollution of enzyme system of aquatic organisms.  Physiological effects of water pollutants on endangered species.  Monitoring procedures and assessment of changes fisheries as a consequence of waste effluents.

PDF 704:  Fish Diseases and Care of Fish (2 Units)
Classification and causes of diseases.  Communicable  diseases, prevention and known treatments.  Techniques of isolation culture and identification of pathogens.

PDF 705:  Fisheries Biology and Assessment (2 Units)

The gross externals and internal anatomy of a typical bony and cartilaginous fish.  Food and feeding habits.  Method of stock management in fisheries.  Age and growth determination.  Reproductive biology (embryology and life history), Marking and tagging Estimation of population numbers Mark-recapture catch per unit effort, direct enumeration etc.)

PDF 706   Fish Culture and Management (3 Units)
Basic principles of fish culture.  Role of biotechnology in fish hatchery and grow out operations.  Integrated fish farming.  Basic fisheries management demand, supply and production statistics fisheries resources and their economic importance with emphasis on Nigeria Fish production in natural waters – ponds, lakes rivers etc. Management
techniques for increased fish production lakes, rivers, coastal waters and ponds international fisheries and co-operation.

PDF 707:  Ornamental Fisheries and Aquaria Design/Management (2 Units)

History of aquarium.  Basic components and equipments,  Construction of aquaria Management-lighting heating, filtration, feeding maintenance  etc. Selection of aquarium fishes.

PDF 708:  Post Harvest Technology and Fish Marketing (2 Units)

Bio-degradation and bio-deterioration of fish.  Spoilage indices improved processing and preservation methods, Nigerian marketing structure.

PDF 709:  Advances in Aquaculture (2Units)
A general survey of the aquatic animals with emphasis on commercially important species,  Specilased/advanced techniques in aquaculture: fresh water, brackish water and marine fish culture systems.  Economic considerations in aquaculture operations.  Stocking of open ware and habitat improvement.

PDF 710:  Fisheries Extension and Co-operatives (2 Units)
Definition scope of fisheries extension.  Philosophy and functions of aquaculture extension, Co-operatives in fisheries sub-sectors.  Advantages and structure of fisheries co-operatives.  Operation and monitoring of the performance of fisheries co-operatives.

PDF 711:  Fishery Statistics (2 Units)
Basic mathematical concepts, Statistical methods, Sampling theory, Planning organizing and  conducting of sample surveys.  The use of computer in data processing, use     of statistics in resource assessment.  Application of statistics to socio-economic research, (*will involve lecture, work assignment, case studies and field trips).

PDF 712:  Aquaculture Engineering (2 Units)

General survey and site selection, types of construction machinery and equipment for different eco-zones .  Design and construction of pond, hatcheries, sluice gates, drainage facilities, tanks, pens, cages, rafts, etc Concrete mixture used in construction of water retaining structure, Fabrication of smoking equipments and Pelleting machines.

PDF 713:  Library Seminar (2 Units)
Acritical review of literature on current topics in fisheries and aquaculture different from project topic.  Four (4) soft bound copies to be submitted.

PDF 714:  Student Project (4 Units)
A specialized research project that will last a minimum of six (6) months preceded by a project seminar in any area of fisheries and aquaculture.  Four (4) hard bound copies to be submitted.

PDF 715:  Coastal water Economic Resources (2 Units)
Study of brackish and marine waters fin and shell fish species in relation to their development for culture Food and industrial uses.  Methods of  harvesting e.g. trawling, electro-fishing seming etc.

 

 

MASTER OF AQUACULTURE AND FISHERIES
The Department officers a 2-year Master of Aquaculture and Fisheries Management Programme options in Fish Nutrition, Fish Pathology and Fisheries Management.  It involves both course work and Research Dissertation.

OBJECTIVE
The objective of the Master programme is to produce high-level manpower, through broad based advance knowledge for work as professional Aquaculture and Fisheries Scientist in both public and private sectors of the options.

STRUCTURE
The programme is structured to have of courses, seminars and Dissertation.  Completion of research project is part of requirement for the award of the Degree.  The aim is for the student to demonstrate ability for understanding an organized work.  Each students is required to plan, execute and write up a research work.  The courses consist of the following core courses and elective shown under different options.


FIS 700 – Research Technology (2units) Core Course

Experimental design and statistical analysis sampling methods information review report writing and presentation, general laboratory techniques.

FIS 701 – Fisheries Development and Management (2 Units) Elective

Age determination, food studies, fish population dynamics and their application to fisheries resources planning management methods.

FIS 702 – Production in inland and Marine Waters (2 Units) Elective

Types of aquatic ecosystem, limiting factors controlling fish production.  Allochthonous and autochthonous migration and resource distribution.

FIS 703 – Aquatic Ecology and Limnology (3 Units) Core Course

Classification of aquatic systems.  Physio-Chemical parameters of aquatic environment plankton and benthos.  Primary and Secondary Production, energy budget.

FIS 704 – Advances in Aquaculture (3 Units) Core Course
Supplementary feeding, recent developments in induced breeding breeding, hybridization, stock manipulation and harvesting in fish, culture of shell fish, aquaculture engineering.    

FIS 705 – Systematic Study of Aquatic Food Animals (3 Units) (Elective)
Principles of taxonomy (morphometric and meristic characteristics), recent techniques in systermatic, identification of freshwater brackish water and marine finish and shellfish of Nigeria.

FIS 706 – Fish Nutrition and (3 Units) Course
Nutritional requirements of fish (organic and inorganic nutrients), energy requirements, feed formulation, preservation, evaluation and ration levels.  Grown studies (factors affecting growth.

FIS 707 – Fish Biology (3 Units) Core Course
Food and Feeding habits, gut content analysis, predator-prey relationships.  Age and growth studies reproduction (Classification of gonadal stages breeding and life cycles).

FIS 708 – Advances in Post-harvest Technology (3 Units) Core Course
Principles of fish preservation and processing factors that affect fish spoilage and deterioration of fish, fish b-products, methods of assessment of fish quality.

FIS 709 – Fish Marketing and Co-operatives (3 Units) Elective
Marketing (traditional and modern systems). Co-operatives (formation/organization, fish economics-capital investment and deprecation of equipment, supply and demand, cost of distribution.

FIS 710 – Advances in Fish Diseases (3 Units) Core Course
Types of fish diseases, (parasitic, bacterial, fungal, nutritional etc.)
Laboratory methods for fish disease diagnosis, prevention, control and therapy of fish disease.

FIS 711 – Fisheries of Nigeria (2 Units) Elective
Overview of current status of fisheries in Nigeria, local technologies in capture and culture fisheries preservation and processing methods of fisheries products.

FIS 712 – Seminar (2 Units) a critical review of literature in current topics in fisheries and aquaculture, (hard bound copies to be submitted).

FIS 715 - Fish Stock Assessment (3 Units) Core Course
Biostatistics, Catch assessment and frame survey.  Estimation of growth parameters.  Sampling  commercial catches.  Estimation of maximum sustainable yield.  Multi species/Multi fleet problems Use of special computer software for fish stock assessment.

FIS 799 – Project (6 Units)
A special research project to be preceded by research seminars in any area of fisheries and aquaculture.  Duration  of project is minimum of two semesters.

 

 

 

DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY DEGREE IN AQUACULTURE AND FISHERIES MANAGEMENT

OBJECTIVES:
The Department offers the Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) degree programme in aquaculture and fisheries management with the aim of producing higher level manpower and promoting academic study and research in the different option of aquaculture and fisheries management.

STRUCTURE5
There may be course work, which will varies depending on the background of the candidate but would contain the relevant courses that have not been taken at M.Sc. degree level and in some cases may include courses in related basic sciences.

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