FWM COURSE SYNOPSIS

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FWM 201: INTRODUCTION TO FOREST AND WILDLIFE RESOURCES MANAGEMENT  (2 Units)
Renewable  natural resources, availability, distribution and potential. The important forest trees and wildlife (with emphasis on Nigerian species). Classification, Morphology, distribution and ecology of important forest trees, forest and game reserves in Nigeria. Silviculture; afforestation characteristics of major timber and their uses. Felling and log transportation. Importance of forest in the national economy. Organisation of forest resources, non-timber resources. Forest protection and conservation, regulation of harvest and sustained yield.

FWM 203:  PRINCIPLES OF CONSERVATION IN TROPICAL AFRICA (2 Units)
The need for conservation. Aims and objectives of conservation. Target species, courses of migration and emigration in fish and wildlife species. Conservation methods and techniques for critical ecosystems such as watersheds, hilly areas, grazing lands, open pit mining, areas of broken topography and marginal environment preservation of endangered plants and animals.

FWM 204:  PRINCIPLES OF RANGE ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT (2 Units)

Principal range types in West Africa. Application of ecological principle in the management of grazing lands. Objectives of range management, grazing systems. Manipulation of animal numbers for desired management objective.

FWM 301:  PRINCIPLES OF SILVICULTURE (2 Units) (C)
Meaning of Silviculture, Importance of Silviculture in forestry practices. Analysis and study of problems of raising the tree crops. Climatic and Edaphic factors affecting tree growth. Tropical forest regeneration methods – Natural and artificial. Application for establishment and maintenance of forest for various  purposes. Taungya and other silvicultural practices.

FWM 303:  NATURAL ECOSYSTEMS (3 Units)
Disribution, structure and dynamics of lands and freshwater ecosystems.  The flow of energy and materials through natural ecosystems.  The importance of conservation, conservation techniques.  Tree identification.

FWM  305:  INTRODUCTION  TO  FOREST  AND  WILDLIFE  MANAGEMENT  (2  Units)
Organisation of Forest and Wildlife Resources, morphology, taxonomy and ecology of tropical trees and wildlife. Forest and wildlife Production Activities, Forest and Wildlife Protection and the regulation of harvest for sustained yield. Preparation  of management plans . Solving managerial problems. Introduction to operations research in Forestry and wildlife.

FWM 307:  INTRODUCTION TO FOREST AND WILDLIFE EXTENSION (2 Units)

The need for Forest and Wildlife extension. Forest and Wildlife Extension in the world and Nigeria. Basic philosophies  behind Forestry and Wildlife Extension. Basic concepts and principles of rural sociology to an understanding of rural institution. Importance of rural communities and institution, social stratification social processes and social changes in rural areas, leadership in rural communities, role and functions of rural leaders. The extension agent and rural community. Communication techniques and strategies of change. Various Forestry and Wildlife extension teaching methods, aids and their uses.

FWM 309:  WOOD ANATOMY, FORMATION AND PROPERTIES (2 Units)
Gross and microscopic structure of wood and its chemical composition. Wood formation , structures and properties . Anatomical characteristics of wood for identification. Physical and Chemical  Properties  of Wood.

FWM 311:  ZOO PLANNING AND MUSEUM MANAGEMENT (2 Units)
Basic objectives of  Zoo and Park Planning . Design of Zoo and Park facilities, capture and transportation of wild animals. Animal health, handling and care of wild animals in captivity. Amusement infrastructures for zoo and nature simulation , feeding of Zoo animals, Zoo sanitation and visitors control. Collection and preservation of animal specimens for educational and recreational purposes.

FWM 313:  FOREST RESOURCES INVENTORY AND MENSURATION  (3 Units)
Forest mensuration-meaning and aims, Measurement and instruments for measuring diameter and height,  tree taper and form, stand measurement, forest resources inventory measurements, etc.

FWM 302:  FOREST ECONOMICS (2 Units)

Definition of Forest goods and services;  application of economic principles to forest resources; decision making in single and multiple resource  use;  cost –benefit analysis, (2 hours lectures and 3 hours practical).

FWM 306:  WILDLIFE ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT     (3 Units)
Organisation of Wildlife Resources.   Wildlife in relation to their environment.   Factors affecting distribution and abundance of Wildlife.  Wildlife population characteristic of mortality, movement,  life cycles, food and food habits.  Wildlife capture techniques; objectives traps and consideration for design;  Immobilization  by drugs.   Handy,  care and feeding of captured  animals field exercises of different capture methods.

SFWM 310:  FOREST AND WILDLIFE BIOMETRICS   (2 Units)
Practical concept in the design and analysis of experiments on tree crops and wildlife survey techniques as they relate to forestry problems.  Processing of resource inventory and mensuration data for management purposed distribution, sampling and tests of hypothesis.   Application of multivariate analysis to forestry and wildlife, basic  techniques in survey sampling and design.

FWM 312:  HERPERTOLOGY  (2 Units)
Classification and characteristics of important West African reptiles.   Anatomy, physiology and reproduction of African reptiles.  Food and feeding habits.   Distribution and economic importance.

FWM 314:  PRINCIPLES OF AGROFORESTRY  (2 Units)
The concept of agroforestry, genesis, current development, prospects and problems.  Interlink between crop,  tree and animal husbandry..  Biological integration of agro/silvo/pastoral practices.  Role of component crops/animals in land utilization and site conservation socio-economic feasibilities and limitations.

FWM 316:  SEED AND FOREST NURSERY TECHNOLOGY  (2 Units)
Seed and its importance, seed collection and procurement, seed certification, records,  seed storage, packaging and transport, seed testing, seed dormancy, pre-germination test.  Nursery establishment; types of forest nurseries planning, forest nurseries, nursery site selection preparation, nursery layout;  seed sowing; care, protection, conditioning of seedlings, quality control,  pricking out and transplanting seedlings, raising non-seedling planting stock.

FWM 318:  WILDLIFE POPULATION ANALYSIS (2 Units)
Methods of studying animal numbers and distribution.  Ground and aerial censuring  methods in  wildlife stock assessment.  Capture-recapture techniques, tagging marking.  Population Structure.  Reproduction and survival rate.  Age sex determination.  Life tables year  class determination,  length, weight studies and their  interrelationships.   Practical evaluation of Wildlife resources of selected projects areas.

FWM 401:  FORESTRY INVENTORY AND MANAGEMENT  (3 Units)
Application of basic biometric techniques to problems in forest resource management.  Distributions, sampling and tests of hypotheses; working plans as management tools, Components of working plans.  Survey techniques as they relate to forestry problems.  Processing or resource inventory and mensuration data  for management purposes.  Evaluation of the wood resources of selected areas.   Preparation of management plans for such areas.

FWM 403:  SILVICULTURE TECHNIQUES  (3 Units)
Seed tests, Nursery operations.  Plantation tending operations beating up pruning, thinning etc.

FWM 405:  AGROFORESTRY PRACTICAL (1 Unit)

Design of Agroforestry  farms.

FWM 407:  TRAINING IN FIREARMS AND BALLISTICS  (2 Units)

Study of firearms, types and specification and firearms and ammunition, maintenance of firearms, types of shooting ranges, animal hunting methods, aspect of hunting sociology (hunting/Landowner relationship.

FWM 411:  HARVESTING, PROCESSING AND WOOD UTILIZATION   (3 Units)

Theory of road construction, drainage and maintenance, logging and transportation, bridge  and dam construction planning  analysis and supervision of operations.  Forest roads.  Terms used in road construction, forest bridges and culverts – bridge project operations and machines, forest building structures – building and construction; maintenance and protection of these structures.

FWM 415:  ZOO AND PARKS MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES (3 Units)
Basic objectives of zoo and park planning..  Design  of zoo and parks facilities, capture and transportation of wild animals.  Animal health, handling and care of wild animals in captivity.  Amusement infrastructures for zoo and nature simulation.  Feeding of zoo animals.  Zoo sanitation and the control of zoo visitors.

FWM 419:  ECOLOGICAL SURVEY  (3 Units)
Field studies of the vegetation, fauna and soil and water types of selected terrestrial and aquatic Project areas.

FWM 404: PRACTICAL FIELD SURVEY IN THE FOREST AND SAVANNA ZONES  (4 Units)
Practical field survey to High Forest Ecological Zones of Nigeria. Biodiversity Inventory, Identification, and Utilization. Study tours of Savanna Ecological zones of Nigeria.  Wildlife and range management areas of the country.  National Parks, Forest and Game Reserves, Wildlife Protected area, In-situ and Ex-situ conservation areas in Nigeria (e.g. Zoos, Botanical Gardens, Nigeria Conservation Foundation, Savanna Conservation Project Sites.

FWM 406: NATURAL AND MANMADE (FOREST PLANTATION) TECHNIQUES  (3 units)
Natural and Manmade Forest Plantation Techniques.  Silvicultural Techniques for some indigenous and exotic tree species, Tree breeding, Arboretum, Nursery techniques, Plantation Establishment, Shelterbelt, Agro forestry practices, lost crops and medicinal plants identification and establishment.

FWM 408:  WILDLIFE PRODUCTION TECHNIQUES (2 units)
Wildlife Domestication and Multiplication Projects.  Wildlife farming (e.g. Grasscutter farming, snailery, Guinea fowl production and wildlife ranching programmes).  Raising of herpetological, avifaunal, insects and other wildlife macro and micro species.  Research techniques.  Wildlife based eco-tourism.  Exploration and utilization of non-timber forest products.  Bee-keeping techniques.  Moriculture, vermiculture and sericulture techniques.

FWM 410: WOOD BASED INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES (3 units)
Wood technology, logging operations, transportation, gantries, forest road construction, and forest bridge construction.  Pulp and paper making.  Strength of wood materials.  Wood products.  Saw mills operations and machineries wood marketing.

FWM 412: FOREST AND WILDLIFE POPULATION FIELD SURVEY  (2 units)
Land survey, forest survey, and wildlife population survey.  Aerial photogrammetry and photo interpretation.  Remote sensing techniques application to forestry and wildlife.  Biometrics.

FWM 414 (2 units): I.T. Report and Assessment

500 LEVEL – FIRST SEMESTER
FORESTRY OPTION


FRM 501:  MULTIPLE LAND USE (2 Units)
Nigeria’s land resources, attitude and conflicts,  strategies for resolution of conflicts, Integrated policies for land areas.  Decision making in the allocation of land for forestry, Wildlife and agriculture, legislation relating to land and environmental planning.

FRM 503:  FOREST MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES  (2 Units)
Principles of sustained yield; yield control and management for optimization of set objectives.  Systems approach to forest management, use of analytical processing in forest management and Utilization decisions.

FRM 505:  FOREST POLICY, LAW AND ADMINISTRATION  (2 Units)
Forest and related natural resource policies, planning effective use of forest resources, structure of forest administration, problems of conserving forest and endangered species.  Nigerian law in natural resources management, inter-relationship of forestry departments.

FRM 507:  ADVANCED SILVICULTURE   (2 Units)
Major forest types of the tropics and silvicultural systems employed in their management, plantation and nursery practices, procedure for introducing exoticspecies.  Forest Nursery technology.  Plantation establishment and maintenance.  Plantation establishment and maintenance thinning and pruning operations, rotation regeneration and protection.

FRM 509:  FOREST SOILS  (2 Units)

Understanding of soil dynamics and influence upon forest composition stand regeneration, tree vigour and tree growth rate, forest soil physics, chemistry and microbiology, soil moisture movement, forest nursery soil management, forest soil fertility determination, maintenance and improvement with special reference to tropical conditions.

FRM 511:  FOREST GENETIC AND BREEDING AND CONSERVATION  (2 Units)
Inventory, selection and conservation of basic genetic material for mass production of improved strains for silviculture.  Theory, practice, methods of consequences of breeding tree crops, principles underlying choice of species, quantitative genetics in forest tree improvement.  Economics of tree breeding, tree breeding programmes, principles, establishment and management of seed orchards.  In-situ and Ex-situ conservation.

FRM 513:  FOREST PESTS, DISEASES AND FOREST PROTECTION (2 Units)
Scope, importance, taxonomy and biology of major pests and diseases of forest trees.  Principles underlying disease and pest control, biological, chemical, genetic and enviromental control, forest antomology – leaf eaters, sap feeders., Wood and cambial borers, root feeders, population dynamics and forest insects, forest pathology-nature of diseases organisms, nemtaotdes, viruses, fungi, damping off, leaf sports, rots, malformation, blight, mildews, rusts, smuts, the parasite in relation tot he host, factors influencing infection fungal pathogens of importance in forestry e.g. Armallaria mellea (a most destructive plant fungi), Polyporus hispidus (heartrot fungus), control measures.  Nematology - plant porasitic nematode, symptoms of hematode infection.  Virology – symptoms and control, virus diesease indentification.  Fire protection and control.

FRM 515:  NATURAL RESOURCES ECONOMICS         (2 Units)
Renewable and non-renewable resources, introduction to operations research, Demand and supply of natural resources, market trends of demand and supply, application of economi principles to decision making in natural resource, project evaluation, natural resources and economic development.

ERM 503:  ECOLOGICAL DISASTERS AND CONTROL          (3 Units)

Nature of Ecological disasters and implicatin for resources conservation and management.  Ecological consequences of mismanagement of natural resources.  Definition, types and causes of floods.  Effects of floods in cities, agricultural lands, roads, rail lines etc.
Flood control measures:  Engineering measures – reservoir – detention basis, reservoir design and control, etc Safety requirement – design of dykes, location and drainage.Flood diversion and channel improvement.
Administrative  meausres – Flood forecasting, flood plaintoning practice of green belt establishments in cities, industrial area and shelter belt establishment in and coastal areas.Origin and causes, types and forms of Erosion.  Mechanics of erosion.  Erosion forecasting, soil water drainage, leaching and waer disposal.  Economical and benefitcs of erosion control.

FRM 597:  SEMINARS  (2 Units)

 

 

WILDLIFE OPTION

FRM 501:  MULTIPLE LAND USE (2 Units)
Nigeria’s land resources, attitude and conflicts,  strategies for resolution of conflicts, Integrated policies for land areas.  Decision making in the allocation of land for forestry, Wildlife and agriculture, legislation relating to land and environmental planning.

WRM 503:  WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES  (2 Units)

Observations and records, capturing and marking wild animals, necropsy in birds and mammals, physiological indices of reproduction, sex and age structure, estimating population, habitat study, improvement and evaluation, elementary wildlife telemetry, human factors in wildlife management.

WRM 505:  WILDLIFE POLICY, LAW AND ADMINISTRATION (2 Units)
Wildlife and related natural resources policies; Planning effective use of wildlife resources; structure of wildlife administration; wildlife conservation for economic and recreational uses, problems of wildlife conservation in Nigeria. Nigeria law in natural resources management; interrelationship of Wildlife Departments.

WRM 507:  GAME RANCHING AND DOMESTICATION (2 Units)
Need for animal domestication; History of Ranching and domestication; Types of levels of domestication. Basis for selection of species; Experimental approach to ranching and domestication; Planning and design of cages for various game species. Growth behaviour and reproduction of game species‘ Food preference, Health care and game husbandry techniques.

WRM 509:  WILDLIFE GENETICS BREEDING AND CONSERVATION (2 Units)
Basic concepts of genetics.  Law of inheritance.  Natural and induced breeding.  Artificial insemination techniques for rodents, game birds, snail, antelope and other animals in captivity.  Wildlife improvement through crossbreeding.  Practical experiences in artificial insemination and induced breeding.

WRM 511:  WILDLIFE RECREATIONAL PLANNING         (2 Units)

 

 

SECOND SEMESTER

FORESTRY OPTION
Master plan, levels of planning, historical origin of park development in Nigeria, types of parks, purpose and criteria for establishment, major steps in planning process, zonning, carrying capacity in  recreation, recreational activities and development, safety in recreation.

FRM 502:  FOREST INDUSTRIES AND TIMBER QUALITY CONTROL (2 Units)
Forest based industries including furniture, sawmills, ply mill, fibreboard, chipboard and particle board while determination of timber quality and its control, inspection, sampling and grading, wood protection, minor forest based industries e.g. charcoal production,  cellulose derivatives industry; marketing of forest resources, sitting of forest industries.

FRM 504:  WOOD PROCESSING AND PULPING PROCESS       (2 Units)

Evaluation of quality of standing trees, feeling and logging techniques, wood conservation and processing, wood seasoning and preservation;  machining, gluing, preservation and finishing; charcoal production, chemical processing of pulp and paper.

FRM 506:  FORESTRY EXTENSION AND EDUCATION         (2 Units)
Management interpretation to include methods and techniques for communicating values of forest, Parks, game reserves and other wildlands.  The role  of the extension agency in providing organisation and administrative  support in forestry.   Training programmes for extension workers in forestry and Wildlife.

FRM 508:  FOREST RESOURCES UTILIZATION          (2 Units)
Taxonomy, nomenclature, identification, geography and ecological characteristics of major Nigerian Fruit Trees.  Domestication and  multiplication and utilization of fruit trees, woody and non-woody
Forest resources.

FRM 510:  URBAN FORESTRY                 (2 Units)
Concepts of urban Forestry, difference between Urban Forest and Urban Forestry, Prospect of Urban Forestry.  Benefits of Urban Forestry sources of Urban NTFP’s.  One values of Urban NTFP’s uses and markets for Urban NTFP’s, Urban NTFP’s, collectors, Tree-planting guides in Urban Forestry.

FRM 512:  SEMINAR (2Units)

FRM 514 QUANTITATIVE ECOLOGY                 (2units)
Description of vegetation, sampling, tests of comparison and application of Quadrat measure.  Vegetational changes, plant succession and the climate.  Correlation and the causal factors of positive and negative association between species.  Plant population dynamics.

FRM 516: HERBARIOUS AND TAXONOMIC TECHNIQUES     (3 Units)

Definition of plant taxonomy, aims and objectives of Taxonomy, Importance of plant taxonomy, Units of Classification, Plant nomenclature, systems of Classification.  Field characters in tree identification: the leaf structure,  types of leaf, arrangement of  leaves on the stem, the shape or form of the leaf/leaflets, tips and margin of leaves vestiture – the covering (hairy/glabrous), the leaf basis, texture.  The flower, floral formula, aestivation, inflorescence, fruits: classification of fruits.  Tree identification using a key, types of keys.  Herbarium: Definition of forest herbarium, functions of forest herbarium.  Botanical specimen, collection and preservation.

FRM 518: FOREST ENGINEERING                 (3 Units)

Introduction to Forest engineering, Timber Testing, Timber Mechanics, Wood drying an d defects, Forest roads, roof and bridges trusses.

FRM 599:  SPECIAL PROJECTS                 (4 Units)

Each student is required to choose and execute a special research project under a supervision.  Duration of project is a minimum of two semesters.  Typed and bound project report to be submitted at the end of project.

 

WILDLIFE OPTION

WRM 502:  ORNITHOLOGY                 (2 Units)
Classification structure, ecology and economic of birds and avifauna of Africa, distribution and identification of game birds, management techniques.

WRM 504:  WILDLIFE PESTS, DISASES AND CONTROL        (2 Units)
Major pests and diseases of wildlife, Taxonomy and biology of major pests and diseases of wildlife.  Epidemicrology of parasite population.  Principles of diseases and pest control.  International restrictions binding transportation of wildlife across country boundary.

WRM 506:  WILDLIFE  NUTRITION                  (2 Units)
Principles of nutrition of wildlife, nutrient composition of Wildlife food, nutrient requirement of Wildlife for various physiological process, feed formulation, ration preparation and general methods of feeding wildlife species.  The role  of  nutrition in the survival and population dynamics of wildlife in their natural habitants.  Diets and feeding programmes for selected wildlife species (artiodctyla, Insectivora,  Lafamorphis, Elephantidae, Arothropods.

WRM 508:  WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT AND UTILIZATION     (2 Units)

Wildlife production, harvesting strategies and problems of game cropping, “bush meat” processing methods, traditional uses of wildlife and wildlife products, hunting techniques, game ranching and domestication, growth behaviours and reproduction of animals in captivity, food habit and food preferences, Design of paddoks, animal houses on cages.  Husbandry techniques and health care in captivity, Bee keeping.

WRM 510:  PARK INTERPRETATION AND WILDLIFE EXTENSION  (2 Units)
Principles of interpretation and extension, interpretive media, personal and non personal services, conducted activities, audio devices, exhibits, photography in interpretation and extension, target audience and publics.

WRM 514:NATURAL HISTORY OF AFRICAN MAMMALS    (… Units)
Characteristics of Vertebrates, Orders of African Mammals, General taxonomy characteristics, Natural History of specific animals in the five major orders that are predominant in Africa’s protected ecological ranges; Proboscidaea African Elephant; Perrisodactyla: Zebra, Rhinoceros, etc. Artiodacty Artiodactyla – Antelopes, Bovids, etc. Carnivora: Lion, Cheetah, Hyena, Leopards and Carnivores with Omnivorous Characteristics.  Primata: Primates – Gorilla, Chimpanzee, Monkeys.

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