BIO COURSE SYNOPSIS

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COURSE DESCRIPTION

BIO 101: INTRODUCTORY BIOLOGY I     (2 Units)

The Plant Cell, Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells, Cell Growth, Cell Division and Reproduction Introduction to Plant Classification: General characteristics and morphology of cryptogams, pteridophytes, gymnosperms and angiosperms.

BIO 103: INTRODUCTORY PHYSIOLOGY     (2 Units)
Nature of Living Organism/Activities of Living Things, Homeostasis, Growth And Development, Endocrine System, Respiration, Reproduction, Nutrition And Enzymes, Digestion, Excretion

BIO 102: INTRODUCTORY BIOLOGY II (2 Units)
Basic Principles of Zoological Nomenclature, Outline Classification of Animal Kingdom, Grades of Organisation A brief introduction of the various animal Phyla: Protozoa Coelenterata, Porifera, Platyhelminthes, Nematoda, Annelida, Mollusca, Arthropoda, Echinodermata, Chordata

BIO 191: BIOLOGY PRACTICAL
Practical Classes for BIO 101 and 103

BIO 192:
Practical classes for BIO 102

BIO 201:    GENERAL ECOLOGY         (2 Units)
Aims and Scope of ecology.  Basic units of ecology (Population, Community and Ecosystem); Biotic and abiotic components of an ecosystem.  Production in ecosystems.  Energy flow and nutrient cycling.  Dynamics of population and communities.

ZOO 261:  INVERTEBRATE ZOOLOGY     (3 Units)
Identification, phylogenic, general biology, behaviour and economic importance of protozoa. Porifera. Coelenterates, platyhelminths, Annelida, Mollusca, Artthropoda and Echinodermata including some basic principles of zoological nomenclature.

BIO 202:  INTRODUCTORY GENETICS AND EVOLUTION  (2 Units)
Heritable and non-heritable characteristics, Probability and tests of goodness of fit.  Quantitative inheritance, variations ingenome structure.  Introduction to population genetics.  Current  concept in evolution.  Genetic variation and appreciation.  Evolution of selected organisms.


BIO 204:  CELL BIOLOGY       (2 Units)
History and present trends in cell biology.  Reproduction cell division. Cell differentiation and growth of cells.  A brief study of the molecular basis of cell structure and development, organelles and nucleic acids.

BIO 206:  GENERAL PHYSIOLOGY         (2 Units)
Metabolism and energy production, Circulatory system of animals.  Homeostasis, nervous and hormonal control of systems.  Excretion and osmoregulation.  A survey of the fundamental principles of plant physiology including photosynthesis respiration, cell-water relationship, mineral nutrition, nutrient uptake and deficiency, symptoms.

BIO 301:  GENETICS II         (2 Units)
Aspect of human genetics:  pedigree analysis.  Further consideration of various deviations from basic principles gene interaction haard-Weinbergg Law Mutagenesis Sex determination.


BIO 303:  BIOLOGICAL TECHNIQUES     (2 Units)
Microscope, preparation of microscope slides, photometry, colorimetry, chromatography, conductometry, experimental design.

BOT 321:  HIGHER PLANTS     (2 Units)
A survey of the evolution, morphology, ecology and importance to man of the Gymnosperms and Angiosperms.  A survey of the major types of development of embryo in gymnosperms and angiosperms.

BOT 323:  COMPARATIVE PLANT ANATOMY I     (3 Units)
Characteristics and classification of tissues systems, organisation of meristem, evolution vascular tissues, comparative wood anatomy.  Anatomical adaptations to specialized habitats.  Applied aspects of plant anatomy.

BOT 325:  MYCOLOGY         (3 Units)
Structure, life cycles, physiology and classification of fungi.  The presence and role of fungi in agriculture, food and industry, Mycotic infections, epidemiology and importance of fungi

ZOO 361:  BASIC ENTOMOLOGY     (3 Units)
Insect evolution, classification and distribution.  Organisation of external structure, Ingestion, digestion and excretion. Blood circulation water system. Behaviour and ecology of social insects.  Aspects of applied entomology with particular reference to insects, mites and ticks of medical and veterinary importance.

ZOO 365:  CHORDATES     (3 Units)
The diversity of vertebrate life. Basic organisation and general biology of hemichordate. Urochordate, cephalochorde Agnathia, pisces, Amphibian. Reptilia Aves and mammalia. Nigerian or tropical West Africa examples to be used wherever possible.

BIO 302:  FIELD COURSE I         (2 Units)
Sampling techniques in local habitats.

BIO 304:  RESEARCH METHODS     (2 Units)
Research needs. Methodology and result analysis.  Preparation of reports.

BOT 322:  PLANT ECOLOGY         (3 Units)
Themes of energy; antecology , Historical aspects. Current trends in ecology. Plant community hypotheses. Concepts of ecosystem: food chain, webs, interaction between plants and animals.  Ecological groups, dystrophytes, halophytes, epiphyses and nesophites. The effect of physical environment on plants.  Climate, biotic and topographic factors.



BOT 324:  PLANT TAXONOMY AND BIOSYSTEMATICS     (3 Units)

Taxonomy and its significance, principles and concepts in plant taxonomy. Construction and use of taxonomic keys.  Experimental taxonomy with special emphasis cytotaxonomy and chemotaxonomy.

BOT 326:  PLANT PHYSIOLOGY     (3 Units)
Plant water relation, photosynthesis, respiration, growth and growth regulation flowering. Dormancy, seed germination, senescence; physiological aspects of crop yield.  Role of macro and micro-nutrient elements in deficiency symptoms.

ZOO 363:  ANIMAL ECOLOGY         (3 Units)
Animal Populations and Communities on the regulations of numbers, the ecology of local terrestrial and aquatic animals.

ZOO 364:  NIGERIAN ANIMALS      (2 Units)
General survey of local molluscs, arthropods and vertebrates

ZOO 368:  COMPARATIVE VERTEBRATE EMBRYOLOGY     (3 Units)
Gametogenesis, fertilisation, cleavage, gastrulation and organogenesis in branchiostoma, amphibian, aves and mammalia, growth and differentiation metamorphosis and regeneration.

ZOO 370:  ZOOGEOGRAPHY         (2 Units)
The distribution of zoological specimens.

ZOO 372:  INTRODUCTORY NEMATOLOGY         (3 Units)

Principal characteristics of nematodes, morphology, position and outline of classification of nematodes.  Morphology and biology of important plant parasite nematodes and their economic importance.  The role of soil environment in the life of nematodes.  Nematological techniques.  General principles and methods of controlling nematodes.

ZOO 362:    ANIMAL BEHAVIOUR     (2 Units)
Reflexes and development of behaviour.  Motivation and conflict effect of hormones on behaviour instinct and learning and  evolution, social life in animals.         

BIO 401:  INDUSTRIAL ATTACHMENT         (3 Units)
At least eight weeks of supervised training must be spent by the students in a clinical/industrial agricultural establishment.

BOT 403:  CYTOGENETICS     (3 Units)

Cell structure and function, cell division, chromosome theory of inheritance considered in depth. Chromosome structure and function. Special types of chromosomes. Structural and numerical chromosome variation. Apomixis and parthenogenesis.



BIO 497:  SEMINAR         (2 Units)

Under the supervision of staff the student is expected to select a seminar topic for detailed study, using library methods. The emphasis should be on recent advances in chosen field.  The course is expected to give the student the opportunity for independent thought and expression.  The study will result in seminars.

BIO 405:   FIELD COURSE II     (1 Unit)
This is designed to give students and opportunity to carry out a small independent research project in their areas of approved by the departmental board under the supervision of one or more members of staff.   

BOT 421:   NIGERIAN VEGETATION     (2 Units)

A study of Nigerian forests, savannah grasslands and special emphasis on arid zones.



BOT 425:   PLANT PATHOLOGY     (2 Units)

Principles and concepts in plant pathology, causes of host-parasite relationship, infection and pathogenesis.  Culture of fungi,  Diagnostic features, recognition and control diseases of major importance.

BOT 423:  ECONOMIC BOTANY     (2 Units)
The origin, history, sources, taxonomy, morphology and cultivation of Nigeria economic plant species (food.. fibre, medicinal, forage, cereals, timber etc.

ZOO 461:   COMPARATIVE VERTEBRATE ANATOMY      (3 Units)

A comparative study of the integument and the digestive, respiratory, urinogenital, circulatory nervous, muscular and skeletal systems of living vertebrates to illustrate the major adaptive change that have occurred during their evolution from fish to mammals.

ZOO 465:   PRINCIPLES OF SYSTEMATIC ZOOLOGY  (2 Units)

Zoological classification – the species category, polytypic species, population systematics, intra-specific categories, higher categories, Methods of zoological classification – taxonomic collections and identification, taxonomic characters, qualitative and quantitative analysis of natural variation, procedures of classification.  Zoological nomenclature – essential rules and interpretation of rules.

ZOO 463:   PARASITOLOGY I         (3 Units)
Classification, adaptation, morphology, life cycles and any other features of interest in the protozoan, platyhelminths, nematodes and parasitic arthropods, paying particular attention to the various adaptations of their group.  Host parasites relations.  Host susceptibility and specificity; Residence and immunity.  Facultative and obligate parasitism.  Ecto- and endoparasitism. Parasites of medical and veterinary importance.


BOT 425:   PLANT PATHOLOGY         (2 Units)
Concept of plan pathology Causes of diseases host-parasite relationship. Culture of fungi. Diagnostic features; recognition and control of diseases of major importance.

BIO 499:  RESEARCH PROJECT       (6 Units)
A student will be expected to carry out a field/detailed research investigation under supervision of  a staff in any special area of Biology, write up a project report and be examined for his/her knowledge of the work before a panel of internal examiners in an oral examination.

BIO 404:   BIOTECHNOLOGY         (3 Units)
History and evolution of the new technology, Different areas of biotechnology including genetic engineering, cell culture, biomass production and technology, enzymes technology, immobilized cell and enzymes, biofuels, Microbial insecticides and nitrogen fixation. Potential application of biotechnology in the developing countries in the area of agriculture, health and energy. Social and economic implication of biotechnology..

BOT 422:   POPULATION ECOLOGY         (3 Units)
Demographic characteristics of natural populations and techniques of estimating the growth and regulation of population.  Population

BOT 424:   PLANT GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT     (2 units)
The role of growth regulators (auxins, gibberellins, cytokines, ethylene, and abscisic acid) in plant growth and development phenomena, such as abscission, apical dominance, tropisms and dormancy, solar radiation and plant development.  Physiology of flowering..




BOT 426:  PLANT ANATOMY II    (3 Units)
The structure and properties of the cell wall. Structure of wood and wood identification. Anatomy of plant growing in different and ecological areas. Anomalous secondary growth in plants. Plant micro- techniques.

BOT 428:  GENETICS OF WEED AND PESTS   (3 Units)
The evolutionary and economic implications of weeds as the vegetation of the future. Anthropogenic factors in the evolution of weeds. Weeds-crop ecosystem and co-evolution, weeds as alternative hosts of crop pests. Modes of weed evolution with examples in plant families. Prospects for genetic control of weeds. Pattern of adaptation and genetic variation in insects. The problem of heritable resistance to insecticides. Genetic control pests.

ZOO 466:   APPLIED ENTOMOLOGY         (3 Units)
History of Entomology; Paleontology, life cycles and problems/habits. Attack and defense by insects, Economic importance and chemical and biological control of insects.  Collection and preservation of insects.

ZOO 466:  COMPARATIVE ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY         (3 Units)
A comparative study of animals functions – nutrition and digestion  respiration, blood and circulation, excretion and osmoregulation in aquatic and terrestrial animals. The nervous and endocrine systems, Bioluminescence. Chromatophorus and colour change. Homeostasis.   

ZOO 468:  PARASITOLOGY II         (3 Units)
Taxonomical, epidemiological and life cycle studies of protozoa and helminths of medical and veterinary importance. Emphasis will be given to parasites of the West Africa region. Energy, metabolism, protein and lipid synthesis: hatching and molting processes, arrested development and self-cure phenomena.  Cultural/artificial membrane-feeding preservation and staining techniques.  Habitat partition, physiological nature of different body habitants.  Host-parasite relationships.  A mention of vectors in order to allow for the identification of principal groups involved in the transmission of parasitic diseases.

 

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