CHM COURSE SYNOPSIS

Print PDF

COURSE DESCRIPTION

CHM 101:    INTRODUCTORY PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY                (3 Units)
Atoms, molecules and structures.  Electronic configuration.  Periodicity and building up of the periodic table.  Chemical reactions, chemical equations and stoichiometry.  Bonding and intermolecular forces.  Kinetic theory of matter;  derivation and calculation of all the laws involved. Thermochemistry and simple calculations based on Hess’s law.  Rate of reaction.  Chemical equilibrium. Oxidation-Reduction reaction.  Chemical kinetics, equilibra  and  related simple calculation .  Important applications of equilibra like pH, Solubility.  Solubility of ionic solids. Electrochemistry and workings of various cells, Corrosion.

CHM 102:  INTRODUCTORY ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
Tetravalency of carbon.  Structure, molecular composition and variety of carbon compounds.  Functional group classes of carbon compounds.   The chemistry of alkanes and petroleum, alkenes including ozonolysis, alkynes, benzene, alcohols including phenols, aldehydes, ketones, acids, amines and their derivatives.  Structure of simple sugars, starch and cellulose, peptides and proteins.  Synthetic polymers from various classes of compounds.  Mechanisms of reactions discussed in all cases and uses of compounds.

CHM 104:  INTRODUCTORY INORGANIC CHEMISTRY
Hybridization and shapes of simple molecules including carbon compounds.  Extraction of the metals.  Comparative Chemistry of group 1A (alkali metals). IIA (alkaline earth metals) and IVA (carbon group) elements.  Introduction to transition metal chemistry and nuclear chemistry. Acids, bases and salts.

CHM 191:  PRACTICAL CHEMISTRY I                   (1 Unit)
CHM 192:  PRACTICAL CHEMISTRY II                  (1 Unit)

CHM 202:  INTRODUCTORY ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY      (3 Units)

Review of Fundamental concepts, Sampling techniques, statistical treatment of analytical data, accuracy, precision, errors, students function, rejection of outliers.  
Gravimetric analysis: Type of precipitate/crystal formation, contamination and appropriate handling of precipitates/crystals, coprecipitation, precipitation from homogeneous solution.
Titrimeric analysis: Acid-base, Redox, complexometric precipitation and non-aqueous titrations; indicators.
Colorimetry: Spectrophotometric reagents, elementary visible spectrophotometry; spectrophotometric titrations.

CHM 211:  BASIC INORGANIC CHEMISTRY I                    (2 Units)
Wave mechanical treatment of atomic structure, Periodicity and periodic table.  Chemical bonding.  Bonding theories; Valency bond theory molecular orbital theories.  Inorganic Stereochemistry, Nomenclature of Inorganic compounds.  Chemistry of group IIIA, (boron group), VA (Nitrogen group), noble gas.  Introduction to first row transition metal chemistry.

CHM 212:  BASIC INORGANIC CHEMISTRY II             (2 Units)
Introduction to study of non-aqueous solvents.  Introduction to group theory and symmetry.  Inorganic energetics; ionic solids, inorganic application of standard reduction potentials. Concept of Hard and Soft acids and bases.  Chemistry of groups VIA & VIIA and treatment of interhalogen.

CHM 221:  BASIC ORGANIC CHEMISTRY I                       (2 Units)
Principal series of organic compounds:  Acyclic aliphatic, cyclic; carbocyclic e.g. aliphatic, alicyclic aromatic and heterocyclic (mere listing & classifying).  Functional group chemistry; alcohols, phenol and ethers, carbonyl; nitro, amino, epoxides and sulphur compounds, acid and their derivatives , -unsaturated (carbonyl) compounds. Methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties of these compounds are to be treated.   Introduction to organic reaction types: Substitution, Elimination, Addition and Re arrangement.  Structure of Benzene and Aromaticity.

CHM 222:  BASIC ORGANIC CHEMISTRY II                         (2 Units)
Methane, energy of activation and free radical substitution reaction in alkanes.  Stereochemistry: Relative and absolute configuration. Racemization and resolution of racemic mixtures. Walden inversion, Geometrical isomerism, determination of configuration of geometrical isomers. Sterechemistry of amines and oximes.  Conformational analysis.  Polyfunctional compounds – dicarboxylic acids, hydoxy acids, 1, 3, - dicarbonyl compounds.  Polynuclear Hydrocarbon; Synthesis and Reactions of:
(a)    isolated ring systems – diphenyl, dibenzyle etc.

(b)    Condensed ring systems – naphthalene, anthracene and phenanthrene.

CHM 231:  BASIC PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY I                       (2 Units)
The kinetic theory of gases.  Molecular velocities and their distribution.  Heat capacity and the equipartition of energy.  First law of thermodynamics, kirchoffs equations, second law, computation of entropy for simple systems, free energy and spontaneity of reactions. Equilibrium constant.  Vant Hoff isochore, chemical potentials and definitions. Third law of thermodynamics and its applications.  Partition law and phase equilibria.

CHM 232:   BASIC PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY II           (2 Units)

Ions in Solution: The Arrhenius theory.  The conductivity of ions.  Measurement of conductance and its applications.
Debye–Huckel theory of ions, Kohlrausch theory and Oswald dilution.  The concept of activity and activity coefficient.
Solution of ions, Transport numbers, Colligative properties of solution.  Reactions in solution  involving Bronsted  treatment of primary salt effects.  E. M. F of cells and equilibrium constants chemical kinetics, rate laws, collision theory, transition state theory.  Reaction coordinates, catalysis and mechanism of catalytic reaction.

CHM 291:  EXPERIMENTAL CHEMISTRY I   (1 Unit)
CHM 292:  EXPERIMENTAL CHEMISTRY II  (1 Unit)



CHM 301:  POLYMER CHEMISTRY AND RUBBER TECHNOLOGY  (2 Units)

The nature of Polymer.  Nomenclature. Outline of sources of raw material for polymers; Polymerization  process, condensation and chain polymerization.  Solubility and solution. Properties,  Polymers Structure and Properties.  Fibre forming polymers.  Introduction to rubber chemistry.  Properties of commercial polymer – hydrocarbon plastic and elastomers.

CHM 302:  APPLIED SPECTROSCOPY        (2 Units)
UV-visible spectroscopy, IR Spectroscopy, NMR Spectroscopy and Mass Spectroscopy                                                                           
CHM 303:    INSTRUMENTAL METHODS OF ANALYSIS    (2 Units)
-  General principles of spectrometers
-  UV– visible absorption spectroscopy  theory, quantitative application of  UV   measurements.
-  I R spectrophotometry, basic theory, solid liquid and gas samples. Group      frequencies quantitative uses.
-   Molecular fluorescence spectroscopy.
-   Atomic spectroscopy, Absorption and emission, flame atomization.
-   Refractometry and Polarimetry.
-   NMR



CHM  304:  INDUSTRIAL CHEMICAL PROCESS I                  (2 Units)
Production of Primary intermediates and synthesis of industrial organic chemicals, Polymers, adhesives, dyes, explosive, insecticides, pesticides, herbicides, flavoring agents and Pharmaceuticals.  Fermentation process.

CHM 305:  ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY              (2 Units)
Concepts of elementary cycles.  Characteristics of the atmosphere. Sources, types and effects  of environmental pollution.  Water Chemistry. Composition of domestic wastes, water treatment.  Global warming and it’s effects.  Ozone layer and its functions.  Depletion of ozone layer and its implications.

CHM 307:   SEPARATION TECHNIQUES                             (2 Units)
Introduction to separation  techniques.  Principles of Chromatography:  Column efficiency.  Resolution and band spreading.  
Classical liquid Chromatography HPLC, ion exchange,  Gel permeation and  gas liquid chromatography.  Solvent extraction including counter distribution and Electrophoresis.
Mechanism of separation.  Paper and thin layer chromatography.  Column chromatography;

CHM 309:   INDUSTRIAL RAW MATERIALS RESOURCE INVENTORY (2 Units)
Fossils and their uses. Plant and animal products. Nuclear, solar and hydrodynamic source of energy.  Potentials and applications of locally available raw materials as industrial feed-stocks. Survey of Nigeria’s industries and their raw material requirements.  Mineral Chemistry.

CHM 312:  INORGANIC CHEMISTRY III                          (3  Units)
Detail chemistry of d-block transition metal series.  Introduction to coordination. E. g. Introduction to organometallic chemistry.  Detail  treatment of the electronic structure of transition metal, Lanthanide  and actinides and the relationship to their physiochemical property.

CHM 314:   SURFACE AND COLLOIDAL  CHEMISTRY                   (2 Units)
Lyophobic/hydrophilic and Lyophilic/hydrophobis  colloids, polydispersity.  Size, shape and behaviours of the various colloidal systems. Stability of colloidal dispersion,  colloidal electrolytes, polyelectrolytes. Adsorption theories.  Surface active agents. Adsorption on solid surfaces.  Determination of surface area and porosity.

CHM 320:    PESTICIDES CHEMISTRY                                (2 Units)
The importance of pesticides in the agricultural development of the world.  Classification and chemistry of pesticides.  Brief treatment of:
-    Environmental and Ecological implication of pesticides-usage
-    Pesticides metabolism
-    Pollution problems
-    Pesticides residue analysis. etc.

CHM 321:    CHEMISTRY OF MACROMOLECULES                  (3 Units)

Introduction, symmetry, Conformations and configurations, chirality and resolution of racemic mixtures.  Stereochemistry and biological activities, Stereoselectivity and Stereospecificity in Synthesis. The structure and brief Chemistry of mono-saccharides, polysaccharides, amino acids, proteins, nucleic and acid and DNA, synthetic polymers and detergents, physical methods in the determination of the structures and properties of Macromolecules, bimolecular spectroscopy and interaction in biological macromolecules. Purification of biological macromolecules.

CHM 322:  PETROCHEMISTRY                         (3 Units)
Petroleum in the contemporary energy scene.  Nature, classification and composition of crude petroleum and natural gases.  Distribution of petroleum and natural gas resources (The global and Nigerian situations).  Petroleum technology.  Survey of refinery production and process.  Petrochemicals in industrial raw materials.  Prospects for the petrochemical industry in Nigeria.

CHM 323:  BIOACTIVE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS (PHARMACEUTICALS)
(2 Units)
Treatment include Structure - activity relation and metabolism of Drug.  Drugs treated include anti-malaria, anti-anxiety, anti-neo-plastic and diuretic agents. A study of compounds.  Natural and Synthetic used for the cure and prevention of diseases.

CHM 326:    NATURAL PRODUCTS CHEMISTRY                         (2 Units)
Terpenoids, Carotenoids, Steroids and Alkaloids.  Pericyclic reaction – Molecular orbital symmetry.


CHM 328:    MECHANISMS OF ORGANIC REACTIONS          (2 Units)
Fundamental concepts:  Acids and Bases.  Investigation of reaction mechanism by kinetic and non-kinetic metnods.  Energy profile.  Theory of reaction rates.

Displacement reaction:  Nucleophilic substitution at saturated carbon atom (SNI and SN2 mechanisims). Neighbouring group participation and molecular re-arrangements in electron deficient systems.  Wagener-Meerwein transformation rearrangement to an aromatic nucleus. Wittig, Benzilic, Favorskii, Claisen and Benzidine rearrangements. Electrophilic Nucleophilic substitution reactions in aromatic system (Mechanisms of the reactions.  Elimination reactions (E1 and E2 mechanism).

CHM 331:    PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY III                            (3 Units)

Chemical thermodynamics.  Gibbs-Helmholtz equation.  Phase equilibrium, Clausius-Clapeyron equation and applications.  Thermodynamics treatment of solutions. Solubility of solids with temperature.  The third law of thermodynamics.  Maxwell-Boltzman-statistics.  Boltzman distribution law, partition functions, heat capacities, entropy, equilibrium constants, rotational, vibrational and translational partition functions.  Microstates and randomness.  Calculation of thermodynamic equilibrium constant from partition functions. Ideal and non-ideal solutions.  Introductory quantum chemistry.  

CHM 332:    NON-AQUEOUS SOLVENTS                         (2 Units)
Classification and general Characteristics Solute – solvent interaction, Protonic solvents, oxyhalide solvents, liquid halides, Dimethyl sulphurdioxide.  

CHM 333:  ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR SPECTROCOPY           (2 Units)

Rotational, vibrational and translational spectra of diatomic molecules.  Electron spin and NMR Spectoroscopy.  Application of UV, IR in elucidation of Structures of organic compounds.

CHM 391:    EXPERIMENTAL ORGANIC CHEMISTRY              (1 Unit)

CHM 392:    EXPERIMENTAL INORGANIC CHEMISTRY          (1 Unit)

CHM 393:    EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY            (1 Unit)


CHM 408:  INDUSTRIAL CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY              (2 Units)

Synthesis gas, water gas, oxo process and  their industrial application.  Industrial organic materials raw materials, technical and economic principles of processes and product routes. Flow diagrams. Selected oils and fats, soap and detergents, sugar, paint, varnishes, plastic, wool, pulp and paper industrial waste treatment.

CHM 404:  POLYMER TECHNOLOGY                            (2 Units)
Large scale industrial polymerization processes.  Polymer rheology.  Polymer processing, injection, extrusion, compression and transfer moulding of thermoplastic.  Polymer additives.  Polymeric surface coating and adhesives.

CHM 406:  INDUSTRIAL CHEMICAL PROCESS II            (2 Units)
Chemical processing of minerals.  Metallurgy and hydrometallurgical processes.  Industrial electrochemistry.  Manufacture of some heavy inorganic chemicals.  Cement and building materials.  Inorganic fertilizers.

CHM 411:  COORDINATION CHEMISTRY                     (2 Units)
Isomerism of complexes.  Theories of bonding:  Valence bond, crystal field and Ligand field theories.  Stereochemistry of complexes and John-Teller distortions.  Stability of complex and chelate effect.  Physical methods of structural investigation (Spectroscopic, magnetic and thermal properties).  Preparations and reactions of complexes.  Application of complexes.

CHM 421:  ORGANIC SYNTHESIS                              (2 Units)

Critical review of important reactions and synthetic reagents.  Some synthetic methods including the mechanisms. Application of important and complex organic compounds.

CHM 422:  HETEROCYCLIC CHEMISTRY                   (2 Units)

The synthetic and mechanistic aspects of fused heterocyclic systems particularly Quinolines, isoquinolines, Benzofurans, Benzothiophenes, indoles, Benzopyrilium salts coumarins and chromones. Application of heterocyclic system in drug syntnesis, particularly 5 & 6 numbered ring.        

CHM 423:  PHOTOCHEMISTRY AND PENCYCLIC REACTION        (2 Units)
Interaction of radiation with matter, electronic excitation, selection rules derivation routes, sensitization, quenching, photofragmentation oxidation, reduction, re-arrangement Adsorption and absorption.  Pericyclic reactions – molecular orbital symmetry.

CHM 424:  ORGANOMETALLIC CHEMISTRY         (2 Units)
Types of organometallic compounds and nature of their bond types:  Metal carbonyls and carbonyl halides, metal nitrosyls, etc.; preparation, reactions and application of such compounds.

CHM 426:  RADIONUCLEAR CHEMISTRY                   (2 Units)
Radiochemical methods; Natural radioactivity, fusion, fission, decay processes, nature of  radiation.  Nuclear models, energies of nuclear reactions.  Principles and measurement of radioactivity.  Application of radioactivity.  Radiation hazards.

CHM 425:  PHYSICAL ORGANIC CHEMISTRY              (2 Units)
Preparation and reaction of Stereoisomers:  Stereoselectivity, Neighbouring group effects and a few special topics in Physical organic Chemistry.

CHM 431:  REACTION KINETICS                                 (2 Units)
Review of first, second and third order rate equations.  Rate constants and equilibrium constant.  Coillision theory, transition state theory, reaction coordinates.  Unimolecular reaction theory; bimolecular reaction mechanism.  Chain reaction mechanisms; and photochemical reaction mechanisms.  Catalysis and Heterogenous reaction.

CHM 432:  ADVANCED ELECTROCHEMISTRY                (2 Units)

Electrical double layer, potential at zero charge, polarizable and non-polarizable interarace, mass transport, concentration polarization.  Ficks’ laws, Levic equation, Electrodics.  Polarography.

CHM 441:  QUANTUM CHEMISTRY                           (2 Units)
Postulates of quantum mechanics, operators angular momentum.  Solution of the hydrogen atom problem.  Theory of atomic spectra, self consistent field theory computational aspects, perturbation of vibration methods.  

CHM 481:  INDUSTRIAL ATTACHMENT                                 (2 Units)
CHM 491:  ADVANCED EXPERIMENTAL CHEMISTRY             (1 Unit)
CHM 498:  SEMINAR                                                          (2 Units)              
CHM 499:  RESEARCH PROJECT                                         (6 Units)

Add comment


Security code
Refresh