Veterinary Anatomy Course Synopsis

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VBA 201: Topographic and Musculoskeletal Anatomy [3 units; 2L + 1P]
Scope and necessity for the study of Anatomy. Anatomical terminologies and nomenclature.  Osteology:  divisions of the skeleton, classification of bones and cartilages. Surface anatomy and conformation of the bony thorax.  The thoracic wall; epiaxial muscles of the thorax and the shoulder girdle.  The brachial plexus and nerve supply to the thorax. The thoracic cavity and the thoracic limbs, the abdominal wall and abdominal cavity. The pelvis, pelvic cavity and the pelvic limb.  Osteology and myology of the head.  The ocular orbit and adnexa.  The oral cavity.  Osteology and myology of the neck.

VBA 202: Gross Splanchnic and Neuro-Anatomy [3 units; 2L  +  1P]
Gross anatomy of the thoracic viscera:  Lungs, respiratory passages, mediastinum and contents. Heart and the great vessels. Lymph nodes and distribution in the body.  The abdominal viscera: gastrointestinal tract, liver, spleen and pancreas.  The urinary system: kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra and adrenal glands.  The male and female genital systems and accessory sexual organs. Eye ball, ear,  blood, lymph and nerve supply to the head and neck.  The nervous system: autonomic nervous system (ANS) central nervous system (CNS) and peripheral nervous system (PNS): nerve fibers, spinal nerves, cranial nerves and plexuses.  Meninges and circulation of cerebrospinal fluid.  Structure and functions of the spinal cord.  Ascending and descending tracts of the spinal cord.   The brain:  topographic structure, brain stem and nuclei of cranial nerves.  Cerebral and cerebellar hemispheres; Medulla oblongata.

VBA 203: Cytology, Developmental Anatomy and Radiation Biology  [3 units; 2L  +  1P]
Parts and use of the light microscope.  Basic cell structure and function based on light and electron microscopy.  Development of the embryo from zygote to basic body plan, including cell differentiation, tissue formation, organ development’ maturation and placentation.  Nature and types of ionizing radiations; radiation dose.  Lethal effects of ionizing radiations: chromosome aberration, Gene mutations.  Repair of radiation damage. Applications of radiobiology in medicine and research.

VBA 204: Basic Veterinary Histology   [3 units; 2L  +  1P]
Histology of basic tissues of domestic animals; epithelia, connective, muscle and nervous tissues.  Epithelia:  basic characteristics, simple squamous, columnal, cuboidal, stratified, pseudostratified and transitional epithelia.  Connective tissue: intercellular materials, loose ordinary and dense ordinary connective tissues.  Cartilage and bone formation.  Blood and haemopoiesis. Lymphatic tissue and lymphopoiesis.  Thymus, spleen, tonsils, hemal and hemolymph nodes.  Muscle tissue: striated, non-striated and cardiac muscles.  Nervous tissue: Neuron, neuroglia and neurillema.  Histology of cerebrum, cerebellum, spinal cord and ganglia.  Introduction to histology of organs; circulatory system, comparative histology of arteries, veins and lymphatics.  The integumentary system: thick and thin skin: hair follicles, sebaceous and sweat glands.  Epidermal modifications.

VBA 301: Comparative Mammalian and Avian Gross Anatomy                          [3 units; 2L + 1P]
Gross anatomy of the domestic chicken including osteology, myology as well as digestive, respiratory, reproductive, circulatory and nervous systems.  Comparative anatomy of organs and structures of domestic animals {ox, sheep, goat, horse, pig, dog and cats} including digestive, respiratory, urinary, reproductive and circulatory system; arthrology; neuroanatomy. Endocrine and sense organs.

VBA 303: Comparative Mammalian and Avian Histology [3 units; 2L + 1P]
Comparative histology and development of the mammalian digestive, respiratory, endocrine, urinary, reproductive and nervous system and their associated structures including the eye and ear with special reference to ox, sheep, goat, pig, dog, cat and horse. Histology of avian species especially the domestic chicken, turkey and duck. Overview of histology of lower animals (fish, invertebrates etc).

VBA 501: Applied Anatomy                                     [1 unit; 1L + 0P]
A review of the topographic anatomy relevant to medical, surgical and theriogenological procedures and meat inspection. Topographical anatomy of mammary gland and inguinal region; gastrointestinal tract; sites for intra-articular injection. Osteology of the head especially paranasal sinuses. Anatomy of sites of  surgical and obstetrical manipulations e.g laparatomy, cranial nerve blocks, epidural anaesthesia; anaesthesia in chicken.

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