VETERINARY MEDICINE & SURGERY COURSE SYNOPSIS

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VETERINARY MEDICINE & SURGERY
VCM 102: INTRODUCTION TO VETERINARY MEDICINE (2 Units)
Meaning of Veterinary Medicine.  Origin of Veterinary Medicine. Veterinary Medicine in ancient civilization.  Formal veterinary education:  establishment of veterinary schools in Europe, North America and Africa.  Veterinary Medicine curriculum: undergraduate and postgraduate, including academic and professional specialties.  Accreditation of veterinary schools:  roles of the National Universities Commission and the Veterinary Council of Nigeria.  Nigerian Veterinary Medical Association.  Veterinary ethics and Veterinary oath.  Regulation of Veterinary practice.  Organization of veterinary practice.  Opportunities in Veterinary Medicine.

II: PROFESSIONAL PHASE OF STUDY (200-600 LEVEL)

VETERINARY ANATOMY
VBA 201: TOPOGRAPHIC AND MUSCULOSKELETAL ANATOMY   (3 Units)

Scope and necessity for the study of Anatomy.  Anatomical terminologies and nomenclature.  Osteology:  divisions of the skeleton, classification of bones and cartilages. Surface anatomy and conformation of the bony thorax.  The thoracic wall; epiaxial muscles of the thorax and the shoulder girdle.  The brachial plexus and nerve supply to the thorax. The pelvis, pelvic cavity and the pelvic limb.  Osteology and mycology of the head.  The ocular orbit and adnexa.  The oral cavity.  Osteology and mycology of the neck.

VBA 202:   GROSS SPLANCHNIC AND NEURO-ANATOMY (3 Units)
Gross anatomy of the thoracic viscera:  Lungs, respiratory passages, mediastinum and contents. Heart and the great vessels. Lymph nodes and distribution in the body.  The abdominal viscera: gastrointestinal tract, liver, spleen and pancreas.  The urinary system: kidneys, ureters, bladder urethra and adrenal glands.  The male and female genital systems and accessory sexual organs.  Eye ball, ear, blood, lymph and nerve supply to the head and neck.  The nervous system (CNS) and peripheral nervous system (PNS): nerve fibres, spinal nerves, cranial nerves and plexuses.  Meninges and circulation of cerebrospinal fluid.  Structure and functions of the spinal cord.  Ascending and descending tracts of the spinal cord.   The brain:  topographic structure, brain stem and nuclei of cranial nerves.  Cerebral and cerebellar hemispheres; Medulla oblongata.


VBA 203: CYTOLOGY, DEVELOPMENTAL ANATOMY AND RADIATION BIOLOGY       (3 Units)
Parts and use of the light microscope.  Basic cell structure and function based on light and electron microscopy.  Development of the embryo from zygote to basic body plan, including cell differentiation, tissue formation, organ development’ maturation and placentation.  Nature and types of ionizing radiations; radiation dose.  Lethal effects of ionizing radiations: chromosome abberation,  gene mutations.  Repair of radiation damage. Applications of radiobiology in medicine and research.

VBA 204: BASIC VETERINARY HISTOLOGY  (3 Units)
Histology of basic tissues of domestic animals; epithelia, connective, muscle and nervous tissues.  Epithelia:  basic characteristics, simple squamous, columnal, cuboidal, stratified, pseudostratified and transitional epithelia.  Connective tissue: intercellular materials, loose ordinary and dense ordinary connective tissues.  Cartilage and bone formation.  Blood and haemopoiesis. Lymphatic tissue and lymphopoiesis.  Thymus, spleen, tonsils, hemal and hemolymph nodes.  Muscle tissue: striated, non-striated and cardiac muscles.  Nervous tissue: Neuron, neuroglia and neurillema.  Histology of cerebellum, spinal cord and ganglia.  Introduction to histology of organs; circulatory system, comparative histology of arteries, veins and lymphatics.  The integumentary system: thick and thin skin: hair follicles, sebaceous and sweat glands.  Epidermal modifications.


VBA  301: COMPARATIVE MAMMALIAN AND AVIAN HISTOLOGY                   (3 Units)
Gross anatomy of the domestic chicken including osteology, mycology as well as digestive, respiratory, reproductive, circulatory and nervous systems.  Comparative anatomy of organs and structures of domestic animals {ox, sheep, goat, horse, pig, dog and cats} including digestive, respiratory, urinary, reproductive and circulatory system; arthrology; neuroanatomy. Endocrine and sense organs.
  

VBA 303:   COMPARATIVE MAMMALIAN AND AVIAN HISTOLOGY      (3 Units)
Comparative histology and development of the mammalian digestive, respiratory, endocrine, urinary, reproductive and nervous system and their associated structures including the eye and ear with special reference to ox, sheep, goat, pig, dog, cat and horse. Histology of avian species especially the domestic chicken, turkey and duck. Overview of histology of lower animals {fish, invertebrates etc}.

VBA 501: APPLIED ANATOMY          (1 Unit)                         
A review of the topographic anatomy relevant to medical, surgical and theriogenological procedures and meat inspection. Topographical anatomy of mammary gland and inguinal region; Gastrointestinal tract; sites for intra-articular injection. Oesteology of the head especially paranasal sinuses. Anatomy of sites of  surgical and obstetrical manipulations e.g laparatomy, cranial nerve blocks, epidural anaesthesia; anaethesia in chicken.

 VETERINARY MEDICINE

VCM  401: GENERAL MEDICINE          (3 Units)
Introduction to general disease conditions of domestic animals and relevant terminologies using systemic approach.  Clinical diagnosis including history taking, evaluation of the animal’s environment and clinical examination of the subject.  Commonly employed diagnostic methods and tools.  Collection, preservation and transportation of clinical samples; Differential, tentative and definitive diagnosis, prognosis and management of clinical cases.

VCM 501: FOOD ANIMAL MEDICINE   (3 Units)
Diagnosis and management of diseases of cattle, sheep, goats and pigs which are of economic importance in Nigeria including Rinderpest, Peste des Petits Ruminants, Foot – and – Mouth Disease, Lumpy skin disease, Poxes, African Swine Fever, Caseous lymphadenities, Streptothricosis, Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia, Contagious Caprine Pleuropneumonia, Anthrax, Haemorrhagic Septicaemia, Tuberculosis, Black Quarter, Brucellosis, Enterotoxaemias, Ectoparasitism, Parasitic Gastroenteritis, Fasciolosis, Trypanosomosis, Babesiosis, Cowdriosis, Nutritional diseases.  Metabolic/production diseases, Poisonings.

VCM 502: AVIAN MEDICINE    (3 Units)
Diagnosis and management of diseases of domestic birds which are of economic importance in Nigeria including New castle disease, Infectious Bursal Diseases, Pox, Marek’s Disease, Infectious Laryngotracheitis, Infectious Bronchitis, Fowl cholera, Fowl typhoid, Pullorum Disease, Chronic Respiratory Disease, Aspergillosis, Mycotoxicosis, Infectious Coryza, coccidiosis, Gastrointestinal parasitism, ectoparasitism, chlamydiosis, toxoplasmosis, Histomoniasis, Gape worm.  Nutritional and metabolic diseases.  Emphasis will be placed on disease of chickens, turkeys and ducks.

VCM 503:  COMPANION AND LABORATORY ANIMAL MEDICINE  (3 Units)
Diagnosis and management of disease of horses, dogs and acts including Rabies, Canine Distemper, Parvovirus infection, Infectious Canine Hepatitis, Horse staggers, African Horse Sickness, Equine encepthalitides, Leptospirosis, Glanders, Strangles, Ulcerative lymphangitis, Parasitic gastro-enteritis, ectoparasitism, ringworm, Babesiosis, Ehrlichiosis, Canine Heartworm infection, Diabetes mellitus and Diabetes insipidus, Azoturia, Nutritional Deficiencies, Poisonings.

VCM 602: WILDLIFE AND FISHERIES MANAGEMENT AND MEDICINE (3 Units)
Dynamics and characteristics of wildlife populations.  Feeding of wild animals in captivity.  Capturing and sampling methods.  Diagnosis and treatment of major diseases of wild primates carnivores, ungulates, reptiles, birds and amphibians.  Aquatic ecology, fisheries  management and fish cultures.  Feeds and feeding of fish.  Fishing equipment and methods.  Diagnosis, treatment and control of diseases of fish.

MEDICINE CLINICS

Practical instructions employing cases presented to the hospital and those encountered during ambulatory clinics to train students in clinical diagnostic procedures and management of various medical disease conditions.

VCC  501: MEDICINE CLINICS I  (5 units)
VCC  502: MEDICINE CLINICS II  (5 units)
VCC 601: MEDICINE CLINICS III  (10 units)
VCC 602: MEDICINE CLINICS IV  (10 units)

VETERINARY SURGERY

VCS  401: GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF SURGERY  (3 Units)
Basic concepts in surgical interventions.  Wounds and wound healing.  Aseptic preparations for surgical procedures. Pre-medication, sedation, regional and general anaesthesia.  Instrumentation. Operative techniques.  Supportive surgical therapy.  Post operative care.  Intensive care.

VCS 501: ANAESTHESIA AND INTENSIVE CARE (2 Units)
Anaesthetic drugs and apparatus.  Anaesthetic techniques and management in small and large animals. Maintenance of circulatory, pulmonary, hepatic and renal homeostasis in animals suffering from life threatening conditions before, during and after surgical procedures.  Anaesthetic emergencies and accidents.

VCS  503: SOFT TISSUE SURGERY AND LAMENESS    (3 Units)
Indications and operative procedures for curative, palliative and cosmetic surgical interventions involving soft tissues of the head, neck, thorax, abdomen, perineum and limbs of small and large animals.  Diagnosis and treatment of lameness in horses, ruminants and pigs.

VCS  502:   ORTHOPAEDIC SURGERY AND DIAGNOSTIC IMAGING  (2 Units)
Fracture types and healing process.  Equipment and materials for reduction and fixation of fractures.  Diagnostic procedures and treatment of fractures, joint diseases, infectious, neoplastic and nutritional bone diseases.  Radiographic equipment and materials. Principles of radiographic production and interpretation.  Radiologic diagnosis of bony and soft tissue conditions.  Principles and application of ultra-sound scanning in veterinary practice.    Principles of Computed Tomography (CT-scan) and Echocardiography.

VCS 601:  BASIC SURGICAL EXERCISES         (2 Units)
Hands-on exercise (relating to theoretical courses VCS 402, VCS 501 and VCS 502) designed to enable students acquire practical skills in asepsis, anaesthesia, surgical theatre procedures and  management of selected common bony and soft tissue conditions.

SURGERY CLINICS

Practical instructions in which field and hospital cases are employed to train students in methods of diagnosis and management of various surgical disease conditions.

VCC 501: SURGERY CLINICS I  (5 units)
VCC 502: SURGERY CLINICS II  (5 units)
VCC 601: SURGERY CLINICS III  (10 units)
VCC 602: SURGERY CLINICS IV  (10 units)

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