VETERINARY PUBLIC HEALTH COURSE SYNOPSIS

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VETERINARY PUBLIC HEALTH

VCH 501: MEAT, MILK AND FISH HYGIENE  (3 Units)
Importance of meat, milk and fish hygiene.  Biological and chemical bases of meat and milk hygiene.  Procedures for ante-mortem and post mortem inspection of food animals, birds and fish.  Basic  construction principles of functional abattoirs and slaughter slabs including water supply.  Slaughter facilities available in Nigeria.  Utilization of animal by-products e.g hides, skin, bone and blood.  Disposal and treatment of abattoir effluents.  Hygienic milk production and tests for milk quality.  Food microflora and spoilage.  Food poisoning including specific food-borne diseases from beef, pork, poultry and fish.  Methods of meat preservation.  Detection of drug and chemical residues in meat, milk and their products.  Safety issues in meat and milk production and marketing systems e.g. Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points.  Water-borne diseases.

VCH 502: ZOONOSES AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH    (2 Units)
Concepts, definitions and classification of zoonoses.  Study of specific bacterial, viral rickettsial, protozoan and fungal zoonoses with emphasis on early detection, prevention, control and eradication.  Health implications of zoonotic diseases and contaminants in food of animal origin. Public health significance of rodents, birds and insects.  Control methods and surveillance.  Water sources and environmental pollution.  Waste management with emphasis on disposal and utilization e.g. biogas production.

VCH 601: DISEASE DISTRIBUTION AND PREVENTION    (2 Units)
Role of epizootiology in veterinary practice.  Methodologies of descriptive and analytic epizootiological investigations including design, experimentation, data analysis and result interpretation.  Diseases in populations.  Disease surveillance and monitoring.  Safety precautions for  animal handlers.  Mass action against disease.  Types of vaccines and immunization procedures.  Active and passive immunizations.  Chemoprophylaxis.  Influence of climate on disease spread.

VCH 603:  COMPUTER APPLICATION IN VETERINARY MEDICINE    (3 Units)
Literature search from journals and encyclopaedia on CD-ROM and internet.  Epidemiological and statistical programs:  Epizoo, SPSS. Storage, sorting and retrieval of disease records generated through Animal Health Information Service.   Veterinary Information System.  Disease modeling for monitoring and impact assessment of disease outbreaks.  Data base (d-Base, MS-Access) applications in keeping of diagnostic and clinical records.  Computer assisted diagnosis systems for veterinary medicine e.g. CONSULTANT (for dogs, cats, horses, cattle, pigs and goats) and PROVIDES (for small animal medicine).  Planning and appraisal of animal health projects and management of accounts by use of spread sheets e.g. MS-Excel.

VCH 602:  ORGANIZATION AND REGULATION OF VETERINARY SERVICES    (3 Units)
Organization of veterinary services in Nigeria.  Legislations governing veterinary practice in Nigeria.  Professional and legal responsibilities of veterinary surgeons in the control of animal movement and diseases.  Disease reporting systems.  Regulation of trans-boundary animal trafficking and international trade.  Veterinary extension services.

PUBLIC HEALTH CLINICS

Practical instructions in which students are trained in handling of vaccines, vaccination techniques, epizootiological investigations and disease control, ante-and post-mortem meat inspection.

VCC  501: PUBLIC HEALTH CLINICS  I  (5 units)
VCC  502: PUBLIC HEALTH CLINICS  II  (5 units)
VCC 601: PUBLIC HEALTH CLINICS III  (10 units)
VCC 602: PUBLIC HEALTH CLINICS IV  (10 units)

VETERINARY THERIOGENOLOGY

VCT  502: VETERINARY GYNAECOLOGY     (3 Units)
Review of the structure and functions of the female reproductive organs and hormones.  Puberty, physical and sexual maturity.  Clinical evaluation of the female reproductive tract.  Oestrus cycle, copulation, fertilization and gestation. Anoestrus and pseudo-pregnancy.  Disturbances in ovulation and nidation.  Infertility and sterility in females.  Genetic and acquired anomalies of the reproductive tract and foetal development.  Infectious and non-infectious diseases affecting sexual and reproductive functions.  Diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mastitis.

VCT  601: VETERINARY OBSTETRICS         (2 Units)]
Gestation length, parturition, accidents and diseases incidental to parturition.  Dystocia and obstetric manipulations.  Involution of the uterus.  Abnormal conditions of the placenta.  Pregnancy detection methods.  Synchronization of oestrus.  Embryo transfer.  Small animal contraception.  Care of the newborn.  Udder health management and diary farm analysis.

VCT  602:     ANDROLOGY AND ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION   (2 Units)
Functions and clinical examination of the male reproductive organs.  Breeding soundness examination.  Infertility in males, semen abnormalities, diseases of the testes and accessory sex organs.  Benefits and demerits of artificial insemination.  Methods of collection, extension, packaging, freezing, cold-storage and thawing of semen.  Insemination procedure.  Semen contaminants and diseases transmitted through artificial insemination.

THERIOGENOLOGY CLINICS

Practical instructions in which a combination of apparently health, field and hospital cases are employed to train students in examination for breeding soundness, pregnancy diagnosis, semen processing and storage, diagnosis and management of reproductive disease conditions.

VCC  501: THERIOGENOLOGY CLINICS I  (5 units)
VCC 502: THERIOGENOLOGY CLINICS II  (5 units)
VCC 601: THERIOGENOLOGY CLINICS III  (10 units)
VCC 602: THERIOGENOLOGY CLINICS IV  (10 units)

PROJECT

VCJ  697: SEMINAR I    (1 Unit)
A Seminar intended to facilitate proper setting-out of Project work.

VCJ  698: SEMINAR II    (1 Unit)
A seminar intended to facilitate result presentation/write-up of Project work.

VCJ  699: PROJECT    (4 Units)
A simple research project in which the student carries out one or a combination of basic veterinary science laboratory, and clinical diagnostic investigation and presents a written report for assessment.
FIELD STUDY

These courses are intended to facilitate field exposure of veterinary students to key areas of veterinary practice and count towards the total clinical work load of students.  The courses are based in the Dean’s Office.

VFS  201: FIELD STUDY IN LIVESTOCK
  MANAGEMENT AND PRODUCTION  (5 Units)
A six-week field study in a livestock or poultry production farm, normally under the guidance of a Veterinarian.  Students are Students are assigned to lecturers for the purpose of inspection visits and final assessment of study report.      

VFS 301:   FIELD STUDY IN LABORATORY DIAGNOSTIC PROCEDURES   (5 Units)
A six-week field study in a veterinary diagnostic laboratory, normally under the guidance of a Veterinarian. Students are attached to lecturers for the purpose of inspection visits and final assessment of study report.  

VFS  401: FIELD STUDY IN CLINICAL PRACTICE  (5 Units)
A six-week field study in a veterinary clinic/hospital, under the guidance of a Veterinarian.  Students are attached to lecturers for the purpose of inspection visits and final assessment of study report.
VFS  501: FIELD STUDY IN PUBLIC HEALTH  (5 Units)
A six-week field study at a cattle control post and an abattoir under the guidance of a Veterinarian.  Students are attached to lecturers for the purpose of inspection visits and final assessment of the study report.

VBM  301:   COMPANION ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND HUSBANDRY  (2 Units)
Prospects and problems of raising companion animals (horses, donkeys, dogs, cats).  Common breeds of companion animals in Nigeria.  Systems of management; feeding for growth and production; housing.  Horses: shoeing, harnessing and stable management.  Housing.  Aging.  Training of dogs.  Handling and restraint of companion animals.  Capture and restraint of wild and zoo animals.

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